mediatized Houses. The Princely House of Waldburg zu Wolfegg and Waldsee

The Princely House of Waldburg zu Wolfegg and Waldsee

The House of Waldburg is a Swabian family from, the high nobility. The tribe of the original Welsh-Staufian ministerial family, which has been documented since the middle of the 12th century, is the Waldburg on the marks of the municipality Waldburg in the district Ravensburg in Upper Swabia.
The first known member of the family is Cono von Waldburg (also Cuno or Kuno), abbot of the monastery Weingarten (1108- † 1132). He wrote the Augustinian commentary and probably the Genealogia Welforum. A Gebhard of Waldburg was also named for the year 1123.  Heinrich (1140-1173) and Friedrich (1147-1183) of Waldburg are possibly sons of a brother of the abbot Cono. Friedroch had 2 sons Heinrich and Friedrich who both had no male Issue. After their death the older House Waldburg became extinct in 1210.

Younger House Waldburg

The servants of Tanne took possession and offices of the older house of Waldburg. Most likely, they were related to them. The von Waldburg and von Tanne belonged to the servants, ie “ministeriales” of the Guelfs. After the death of Welfs VI. in 1191 they became ministerials of the Staufian dukes.
Eberhard of Tanne-Waldburg (1170- † 1234) is regarded as the real patron of the House of Waldburg, which has been named like this since 1217.  Eberhard was first mentioned in 1225 as Reichstruchess. His nephew was Schenk Konrad of Winterstetten. Both were active from 1220 to 1225 as guardian and counselor’s of King Heinrich VII. At that time the Jewels of the Empire were kept at the Waldburg. Under the reign of Emperor Friedrich II. and his sons the following personalities are known: Two Bishops of Constance, Eberhard II Truchess of Waldburg, Archbishop of Salzburg 1200- † 1246, Count of Regensberg 1269- † 1291, Bishops of Brixen, Strasbourg and Speyer . They also set the imperial protonotar for many years. This corresponds to the king’s statute. Around 1214, the administration of the Truchsess Office in the Holy Roman Empire was transferred to the House of Waldburg. From 1419 to 1806, the office was part of the name (Truchsess and from 1525 Reichserbtuchsess of Waldburg). In addition to the Truchsessamt, they had the office of Schenken since 1196, and since 1198 the office of Marshal.
After the decline of the Staufer, the House of  Waldburg succeeded in establishing itself as a richly inferior aristocracy. In the 14th century the Waldburgers were in the favor of the emperor Ludwig of Bavaria as well as the Habsburgs. They brought the city of Isny, the rule of Trauch burg, and the rule of Zeil into their possession. In 1406 they also acquired the pledge of the five municipalities, Munderkingen, Riedlingen, Saulgau and Waldsee. Thus, the territory of the Waldburg’s grew considerably in the course of the 14th century.
The Houseof  Waldburg took part in the Battle of Sempach on the side of the Habsburgs with a contingent on 09.07.1386, with Otto von Waldburg falling. His coat of arms is depicted in the Battle of Sempach and listed in the list of the fallen nobles on the Habsburg side in the Battle of Sempach.
In the fifteenth century representatives of the House of Waldburg were often landlords in Upper and Lower Swabia
In the year 1429 the large division of the house took place in three lines. The Truchsess Johann II (or Hans II.) left behind at his death 1424 three sons. Eberhard I. (1424-1479) founded the Sonnenbergische line already extict in 1511. Jacob was the anecstor of the Jacobite line, with the possession of Trauchburg with Kißlegg and Friedberg-Scheer, together with Diirmentingen. The Jacobian line extinguished in Swabia in 1772, whereas the Lutheran side line of the Waldburg-Capustigall, which had existed since the Reformation in East Prussia, did not die until 1875 in the Mannstamm. The third of the brothers involved in the division of the year 1429 was Georg I. († 1479). He founded the Georgian line, which in 1595 divided into the lines Zeil (today still existing as Waldburg zu Zeil and Trauchburg) and Wolfegg, now  Waldburg zu Wolfegg and Waldsee.

A n overview over the different lines

  • Johann II. (Hans II.)
    • Eberhard I.
      • Sonnenberg line extinct 1611
    • Jakob
      • jacobian line
        split into

        • Waldburg-Trauchburg
          split 1612 into

          • Waldburg-Scheer extinct 1717
          • younger line Trauchburg
            split into

            • Friedberg-Scheer and Dürmentingen extinct 1764
            • Trauchburg and Kisslegg extinct 1772
        • Waldburg-Capustigal extinct 1875
    • Georg I.
      • georgian line
        split 1595 into

        • Wolfegg
          split 1672 into

          • Wolfegg-Wolfegg extinct 1798
          • Wolfegg-Waldsee, now Princely House of Waldburg zu Wolfegg and Waldsee
        • Zeil
          split 1675 into

          • Zeil-Zeil now Princely House of Waldburg zu Zeil and Trauchburg
          • Zeil-Wurzach, extinct 1903

Eberhardian line

Waldburg-Sonnenberg

Truchsess Eberhard I of Waldburg,  acquired on  19.07.1455 from his future brother-in-law, the Count Jörg (Georg) von Werdenberg-Sargans (ca 1427-1504) and his brother Wilhelm, from the dynasty of Montfort, the feast and rule of Sonnenberg, which ranged from Feldkirch to the Arlberg, by 15,000 florins. The neighboring domain of Bludenz with the Montafon Valley was already a pledge. Emperor Friedrich III. raised on  11.08.1463, the rule of Sonnenberg to  county of the Empire , and the family of Eberhard I. and their descendants to reigning Count of the Empiree.  After long struggles  the castle of Sonnenberg was destroyed, Graf Eberhard I sold the County  Sonnenberg for 34,000 florins to Duke Siegmund of Austria, according to the Treaty of 31.08.1474. The last money from this sale was received many years later his heir  George III. of Waldburg-Zeil, who was married in the first marriage to the part-heiress Apollonia, daughter of Johann von Sonnenberg. In 1511, after the assassination of Count Andreas, he inherited the sonnenbergian fortune.

Counts of Sonnenberg
1463-1479 Eberhard I.
1479-1483 Eberhard II.
1483-1510 Johann
1510-1511 Andreas

Waldburg-Scheer

Duke Sigismund of Tyrol in 1452 sold his county and lordshp to Friedberg, including Scheer and Scheer castle, and what belonged to it, namely, the Vogtei to Bussen and to Dürmentingen (which had previously been already owned by Eberhard) by 32,000 florins. Count Eberhard I died in 1477. His wife was Kunigunde, daughter of Count Wilhelm of Montfort. Four sons came from the marriage: Otto, Eberhard, Johannes, and Andreas. In his lifetime Count Eberhard I had already handed over the County of Friedberg-Scheer to his son Andreas. Eberhard II received the Waldburg, Johannes, Wolfegg and Otto became bishop of Constance and received his claims in money. In 1483 Eberhard II died childless.  In 1493 Count Andreas von Sonnenberg considerably increased his estates. He received the inheritance of his deceased brother Eberhard II, the rulers, including Munderkingen, Nusplingen and Kallenberg. From 1486 to 1509, Count Andreas built Scheer Castle and the church. He took his apartment in Scheer. Through the death of Johann the Elder in 1510, Count Andreas had become the senior of Waldburg. On May 10, 1511, Count Andreas was murdered after a dispute with Count Felix von Werdenberg-Sigmaringen (Montfort) in Herbertinger Ried after a hunting trip. With his death the Eberhardische line of the Waldbrunners extinguished. His only daughter, Sybilla, was married to a descendant of the Jacobite lineage, with Wilhelm Truchsess at Waldburg-Trauchburg.

Counts of Friedberg-Scheer
1452-1475 Eberhard I.
1475-1511 Andreas

Jacobian line

Waldburg-Trauchburg

In the parition of 1429 Trauchburg fell to the Jacobian line, whose ancestor was Truchseß Jacob I. His grandson Friedrich joined the Order of the Teutonic Order, but then, like many other religious rulers, went over to Protestantism and founded the evangelical junior line Waldburg-Capustigall in East Prussia. The elder son of Count Wilhelm,  Otto of Waldburg was Bishop of Augsburg from 1543 to 1573. Ottos nephew Gebhard was from 1577 to 1583 elector and archbishop of Cologne. Through his attempt to turn the Erzstift Cologne into a secular duchy, Gebhard was so indebted that the Trauchburg line was always near bankruptcy in the following two centuries by crushing mortgages. 

Truchsesses of Waldburg-Trauchburg
1429-1460 Jakob I.
1460-1505 Johann
1505-1505 Jakob II.
1505-1557 Wilhelm the older
1557-1566 Wilhelm the younger
1566-1570 Friedrich
1570-1593 Karl
1593-1612 Christoph

In 1612, the line Trauchburg divided into the older line Friedberg-Scheer and the line TrauchIburg. 

Waldburg-Friedberg-Scheer

The son of Truchseß Christoph,  Wilhelm Heinrich took over the legacy in Friedberg-Scheer and ruled until 1652. In 1628 he was raised to an Count of the Empire. He built the Loretto Chapel during this time. Count Christoph Karl reigned from 1652 to 1672 and Count Franz Eusebius from 1672 to 1678. In 1678 Maximilian Wunibald came to the government. It was the son of Count Otto, who died in 1663, who was once again a son of the Count Wilhelm Heinrich. Count Maximilian Wunibald died 1717.

Count of Waldburg-Friedberg-Scheer
1612-1652 Wilhelm Heinrich
1652-1672 Christoph Karl
1672-1678 Frtanz Eusebius
1678-1717 Maximilian Wunibald

Waldburg-Trauchburg (younger line)

In 1628 Truchseß Friedrich I. was raised to the rank of a Count of the Empire. After the extincction of the line Waldburg-Friedberg-Scheer their posessions fell to the Trauchburg line. After the extinction of the counts of Waldburg-Friedberg-Scheer in 1764, all parts of the Jacobian line were once again united in the hand of Truchseß Christoph, Count of Trauchburg.

Counts of Waldburg-Trauchburg
1628-1636 Friedrich I.
1636-1687 Johann Ernst I.
1687-1717 Christoph Franz
1717-1737 Johann Ernst II.
1737-1744 Friedrich Marquard
1744-1772 Franz Karl Eusebius

Waldburg-Scheer (younger line)

Count Maximilian Wunibald, who died in 1717, was succeeded by Count Joseph Wilhelm Eusebius of the Trauchian line. He left the Gothic church baroque and died in 1756. His only son, Count Leopold August, died childless in 1764. He was the last of the three lines in Scheer. The widow of Count Leopold August, Countess Anna Maria Monica, who remained as the last princely resident of Schloss Scheer, and died om  1775. Inflation and the currency reform aroused the rest of the fortune.

Countes of Waldburg-Scheer
1717-1756 Joseph Wilhelm Eusebius
1756-1764 Leopold August

Waldburg-Scheeand after the extinction of the older line Friedberg-Scheer 1717 again in the younger line Friedberg-Scheer and the younger line Trauchburg. After the extinction of the counts of Waldburg-Friedberg-Scheer in 1764, all parts of the Jacobian line were once again united in one hand.

After the extinction of the counts of Waldburg-Friedberg-Scheer in 1764, all parts of the Jacobian line were once again united in one hand.

Waldburg-Capustigall

Truchseß  Friedrich, a grandson of Truchseß  joined the Order of the Teutonic Order, but then, like many other religious rulers, went over to Protestantism an.d founded the evangelical junior line Waldburg-Capustigall in East Prussia. The name derives from the seat of the family in the East Prussian Capustigall (today Nikolaevka (Kaliningrad)) near the city Königsberg in Prussia. From 1850 the place was usually called Waldburg. In 1685 Truchseß Wolfgang Christoph was rasied to a Count of the Empire. The last Count Otto Wilhelm II left his property to the line Waldburg-Bestendorf, who were the descendants of a younger brother of Wolfgang Heinrich (1585-1637). With the death of Count  Friedrich Ludwig III. the line Capustigall became extinct.

Truchsesses since 1685 Count’s of Waldburg-Capustigall
1494-1554 Friedrich
1554-1585 Johannes Jakob
1585-1637 Wolfgang Heinrich
1637-1655 Johann Albert
1655-1688 Wolfgang Christoph
1688-1738 Karl Ludwig
1738-1757 Friedrich
1757-1777 Friedrich Ludwig I.
1777-1807 Friedrich Ludwig II.
1807-1844 Friedrich Ludwig III.

 

Jacobian line

A prominent representative at the beginning of this line is Truchsess Georg III. of Waldburg, also known as Bauernjörg, who, as an army commander of the Swabian Confederation, played a decisive part in the defeat of the revolts in the peasant war in 1525. The Georgian line drew from the events of the peasant war a high gain in areas where peasant uprisings had been crushed and collected considerable pledges. Truchsess Georg III commissioned the humanist and the mayor of Augsburg, Matthäus von Pappenheim, to draw up a chronicle of the Truchsessen of Waldburg, which he wrote in 1526 and 1527. This chronicle of the family history also contains colored woodcuts by Hans Burgkmair the Elder with illustrations of knight figures from the history of the house. In 1595 the brotherHenrich and Frobenius divided  into the lines Wolfegg and Zeil.

Truchsesses of Wldburg-Zeil
1429-1467 Georg I.
1467-1482 Georg II.
1482-1511 Johann II.
1511-1531 Georg III.
1531-1569 Georg IV.
1569-1589 Jacob

Waldburg-Wolfegg

Ancestor of the House Waldburg-Wolfegg is Truchsess Heinrich wo was raised to the an Count of The Empire on 28.02.1628. His son  Max Willibald, defended as Imperial General Field Marshal,  successfully defended the cities of Lindau and Constance against the advancing Protestant Swedes in the Thirty Years’ War with his army for the Catholic imperial troops. He also founded the important Wolfegger copperplate collection
In 1667 a division of the legacy of Count Max Willibald took place among his two sons, who founded the branches Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg and Waldburg-Wolfegg-Waldsee.

Truchsesses since 1628 Count’s of Waldburg-Wolfegg
1595-1637 Heinrich I., since 1627 Count
1637-1667 Max Willibald

Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg

The line Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg received the dominions Wolfegg, Waldburg and a part of Schwarzach. The counts of Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg developed a lively building activity at the end of the 17th century. After the 1578-built castle in Wolfegg had been set on fire by Swedish troops at the end of the Thirty Years War, and the second floor in particular had suffered heavy damage, Count Ferdinand Ludwig commissioned Wangen sculptor Balthasar Krimmer from 1690 with the new equipment of the Rittersaal. The completion of this hall lasted until the first half of the 18th century, when the style of the Rococo was already in use. Count Ferdinand Ludwig, had with his consort Maria Anna von Schellenberg from Kißlegg,  an artistic woman, who also brought a rich financial legacy into the marriage. Next to the castle was the  the Stiftskirche was new built, which took the place of a simple, late-medieval House og God.  Count Ferdinand Ludwig also rebuilt the Loreto chapel built in 1668 in Wolfegg to its present appearance. Hospital foundations for the care of the elderly and sick as well as for the help of the Leprapians were created by the Earls’ couple in Wolfegg and Kißlegg. Countess Maria Anna and, later, her children, such as the Dompropst Johann Ferdinand at Constance, donated high money to these social institutions. This may have been an expression of the deep piety of the Family Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg.
With the death of Count Karl Eberhard Wunibald fell the legacy of the line Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg to Count Joseph Anton of Waldburg-Wolfegg-Waldsee,

Count’s of Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg
1667-1681 Maximilian Franz Eusebius
1681-1735 Ferdinand Ludwig
1735-1774 Joseph Franz
1774-1779 Ferdinand
1779-1791 Josef Alois
1791-1798 Karl Eberhard Wunibald

Waldburg-Wolfegg-Waldsee

To this line fell in the division 1667 Waldsee, Eberhardzell, Schweinhausen and the remaining part of Schwarzach. This line existed until the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806.  In 1803, Count Joseph Anton became the first Fürst of Waldburg zu Wolfegg and Waldsee as part of the raise of the entire House Waldburg  into the rank of Princes of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand). The whole of the Waldburg estate had paid 90,000 florins for the process of the increase. The investment hoped the house would be able to escape an imminent mediatisation. Nevertheless, the mediatisation took place in 1806, and Joseph Anton became a landowner in the Kingdom of Wuerttemberg, although he had preferred to be mediatised by Bavaria, as he had written to his Chancellor of Sonnethal in March, 1806. Until the End of the Monarch the prsent Fürst always had a seat in the Chamber of the mediatzed Lords in Stuttgart.

Count’s of Waldburg zu Wolfegg and Waldsee
1567-1724 Johannes
married to Baroness Maria Anna of Waldburg, Countess zu Trauchburg
1724-1748 Mamiliian
married first to Countess Marie Ernestine of Thun
married second to Countess Maria Anna Fugger of Kirchheim
1748-1791 Gebhard
married to Countess Maria Klara zu Königsegg-Aulendorff
1791-1803 Joseph Anton, since 1803 Fürst

Fürsten of Waldburg zu Wolfegg and Waldsee
1803-1833 Joseph Anton
married to Coutness Josepha Fugger of Babenhausen
1833-1871 Friedrich
married to Countess Elisabeth zu Königsegg-Aulendorff
1871-1906 Franz
married to Countess Sophie of Arco-Zinneberg
1906-1950 Maximilian
married to Pericness Sidonie of Lobkowicz
1950-1989 Franz Ludwig
married to Countess Adelheid of Schönburg-Glauchau
1989-1998 Max Willibald
married first to Countess Ida Khuen of Belasi
married second to Elisabeth Mérey von Kaposmérö u.Kisdovorán
since 1998 Johannes
married to Vivana dei Conti Rimbotti

 

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