The Princely House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
Ancestor of this branch is Count Johann Ludwig. From the legacy of his mother, Count Johann Dietrich also received the reign of Rochefort in today’s Belgium. In 1621, shortly after the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War, he converted to the Catholic faith in Belgium and fought in the army of the Catholic League from 1622 onwards. The county of Wertheim belonged to Johann Dietrich (from 1621 catholic) and his nephew Friedrich Ludwig (Protestant). In Johann Dietrich’s absence, the Swedish king Gustav Adolf had illegally relieved the valued subjects of their duties against Count Johann Dietrich, and had employed his Protestant nephew Friedrich Ludwig as the sole ruler.
Friedrich Ludwig had to flee after the Battle of Nördlingen in 1634, which had been won by the Catholic camp, and Emperor Ferdinand II, in return, appointed Johann Dietrich as the sole ruler. This re-established the Catholic confession in the county and called the Capuchins into his country. According to the Imperial Restitution Act, the compulsorily dispossessed religious orders were largely regained.
In the peace treaty of Westphalia in 1648, the Restitutionedikt was repealed and the confession of 1624 was fixed as a binding norm. However, Count Johann Dietrich did not experience this since he already died in 1644. His son, Count Ferdinand Karl and his return cousin Friedrich Ludwig resumed the joint government. In 1634, Count Johann Dietrich was able to acquire the old Löwensteiner patronage of Scharfeneck in the Palatinate for his family line, since the evangelical family line Löwenstein-Scharfeneck got it derecognized by the Emperor in 1622 and died out in 1633 in the male line.
Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
1644-1672 Ferdinand Karl
1672-1711 Maximilian Karl Albrecht
Fürsten zu Löwenstein-Wrtheim-Rochefort since 1812/13 Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
On 03.04.1711 Count Maximilian Karl Albrecht was raised to the rank of Fürst of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand) by Emperor Joseph I. His son Fürst Dominik Marquard and subsequently acquired various other possessions which were to influence the history of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim, for example, the rule of Haid with the castle in 1720. The possession of the counts of Erbach and in 1730 the rule Rosenberg in Baden
On the eve of the French Revolution, the Princely House had possessions on the Main, in the Odenwald, in Bohemia, in the Palatinate, in the Eifel, in the Austrian Netherlands, and in Alsace. However, all of them were quite small, with different legal titles. The Löwenstein-Wertheim’s were a classic example of the so-called inferior empires, which gained greater political significance only in isolated cases and only for a short time, and were mostly confined to the region. In the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803 the Löwenstein-Wertheimern for their lost left-Rhine regions compensation land was awarded mainly at the Untermain. Among this was also Bronnbach monastery. This enabled them to consolidate their territory. But there was no time for internal and external consolidation. 1806 the house was mediatized by the Rheinbundfürsten. Its territories were divided into no fewer than six states (Grand Duchy of Baden, Kingdom of Württemberg, Kingdom of Bavaria, Grand Duchy of Würzburg, Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt). The territorial reorganization in the course of the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and the Frankfurt Territorial Process in 1819 reduced the number of sovereign states affected by the Löwenstein-Wertheim’s to four (Grand Duchy of Baden, Kingdom of Bavaria, Grand Duchy of Hessen-Darmstadt, Kingdom of Württemberg).
Because of the loss of the left-Rhine regions, including Rochefort, a change of name took place Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort to Löwenstein-WErtheim-Rosenberg in 1812/13.
The Princely Family is well related to several european Royal Families. The reason is that in 1851 Princess Adelheid married Infante Miguel of Portugal, Duke o Braganca who had for a few years been King of Portugal. Her daughters married in several european Royal Families.
Fürst Karl who was widowed in September 1899 for the second time was very religious. On a pilgrimage to Lourdes, he decided in 1902 to renounce the world and to enter a monastery as a simple lay brother. This happened on July 20, 1907, in the Dominican monastery of Venlo. The Fürst then called himself Raymundus Maria, his secular titles and offices he had handed over to his son Aloys. At the request of the superiors he was ordained a priest 08.12.1909.
Since the 15th century, the family has been cultivating approx. 7,000 hectares of woodland in the Spessart and the Odenwald, for more than 300 years approximately 50 hectares of vineyards in the Maindreieck in Franconia, in Tauberfranken in Baden and in Hallgarten in the Rheingau Hungarian Veresek, Betsek and Kiraly.
Fürsten zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort, since 1812/13 Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
1711-1718 Maximilian Karl Albrecht
married to Countess Maria Polyxena Khuen of Lichtenberg and Belasi
1718-1735 Dominic Marquard
married to Princess Christina Franziska Polyxena of Hesse-Rheinfels
1735-1789 Karl Thomas
married first to Princess Marie Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg
married second (morganatic) to Maria Josepha von Stipplin
1789-1814 Dominik Constantin
married first to Princess Maria Leopoldine zu Hohenlohe-Bartenstein
married second to Countess Maria Crescentia ui Königsegg-Rothenfels
married to Countess Sophie zi Windisch-Graetz
married first to Princess Adelheid of Isenburg-Büdingen in Birstein
married second to Princess Sophie of Liechtenstein
married to Countess Josephine Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau
married to Carolina dei Conti Rignon
since 1990 Alois Konstantin
married to Princess Anastasia of Prussia