House of Waldeck
In his long dispute with the Electorate of Cologne, he allied with the Counts of Jülich and took in 1267 on the side of William IV. Of Jülich at the Battle of Zülpich in part, in which the Archbishop Engelbert II. was captured. As his oldest son Heinrich died already before him his grandson son Adolf II. succeeded him as Count. In his reign a sentence of excommunication by the Archbishop of Mainz fell against him and his mother, because she had stood by the Landgrave of Hesse against Mainz. A contract with his two brothers stipulated that only those should be the real legacy of the county, who would marry Sophie von Hessen. Since Adolf this marriage failed, he renounced his claim to power and Otto I became ruler in Waldeck. The other brother Gottfried was bishop of Minden. Count Otto I. joined in 1276 a Westphalian peace alliance, but also continued the expansionist policy of his grandfather in the west. This was mainly directed against the Duchy of Westphalia, which was owned by the Cologne Archbishops. In 1288, during the Limburger succession dispute, he took with his knights in part on the side of the enemies of Archbishop Siegfried von Westerburg and thus on the side of Duke Johann I of Brabant in the Battle of Worringen, the the with the decisive victory of Duke Johann end of the expansionism of the Cologne archbishops meant. In the course of this war, Otto was destroying the Electorate of Cologne city Hallenberg. After winning the battle of Worringen he received the city Volkmarsen and half of Kugelsburg. The castle was Canstein, by purchase, waldeckisch partly. Completely or partially the courts Medebach, Brilon, Flechtdorf, Marsberg and Mederich were added. The castle acquired Nordenau Otto on 14.02.1298 the Grafschafter noblemen Kraft and Widekind von Grafschaft and thus threatened the town of Winterberg. To round off the area around Korbach, he acquired a fief on the upper Ruhr, in Assinghauser basic and Nuhnetal. He founded in 1290 the city of Landau. Otto likened himself in 1297 with the Abbot of Corvey in the dispute over the cities Sachsenberg and Fürstenberg. A year later he fell from Corvey the Office as a pledge to Munden. On the other hand he renounced in the same year to the Bishop of Paderborn on the rights to the city and the associated Blankenrode Mark. He was patron of the monasteries and Berich Bredelar. In November 1305 there was a feud in Eichsfeld, where the Lords of Strive and Adelebsen Heiligenstadt harried. Otto, who was also chief official of the Eichsfeld serving the archbishops of Mainz since 1303, should assist the Holy City. But he was captured, imprisoned and murdered. His oldest son and successor Count Heinrich IV. was like his father since 1305 steward in the service of the Archbishopric of Mainz in northern Hessen and in Eichsfeld. Immediately after the beginning of his reign let Heinrich IV. in 1306 castle Wetterburg built. In addition there was controversy with the Archbishop of Cologne, Heinrich II. Of Virneburg. This argued that the Wetterburg would be in the territory of belonging to Cologne duchy of Westphalia, and demanded the demolition. Heinrich said that the castle is an old heritage, and he had just rebuilt. The case had a long dispute involves. The Archbishop procured by Duke Erich von Sachsen in 1310 a favorable opinion for him. Heinrich von Waldeck lodged an objection. An arbitral award had no effect, because the referees were biased respectively. Henry protested hereinafter also against the occupation of Marsberg by the Cologne and their right to Medebach and Canstein. Bishop Ludwig von Munster, who came out of the house of Hesse and was distantly related to Count Heinrich, however, decided that the Cologne were allowed to maintain their occupation in Marsberg to destroy the Wetterburg. In 1325 a compromise was reached. After that, the castle was divided between Waldeck’ and Cologne. For unknown reasons, Heinrich IV. was captured around 1307 by Archbishop Peter von Mainz. In March 1308, a certificate, sealed by King Albert, issued, according to which both sides have reconciled. Then Heinrich IV. was released from custody. In 1312 he promised the Hessian Landgrave Otto support in its fight against the Dukes of Brunswick. Against the Brunswicks, which were also the Archbishop of Mainz in feud whose Rollmaus Heinrich was, he let near the castle Already Mountains also built a castle for their neutralization. In 1313 he concluded an alliance with Archbishop Peter of Mainz. Heinrich von Waldeck and Count Wilhelm von Arnsberg shared in 1315 the ownership of previously co-managed the county Rüdenberg. Because of faithful service to him King Louis in 1323 transferred the protection of the imperial city of Dortmund and the supervision of the Jews of this city. 1337 also protecting the Jews in the dioceses of Münster and Osnabrück, he was transferred. He was tasked to collect from the Jews the fees payable to the Emperor charges. The noblemen of the county transferred in 1332 Heinrich half the castle Nordenau. Later, other rights have been added to this castle. In 1344 Heinrich IV. wanted to retire for health reasons from the government stores. With the consent of his sons an inheritance contract was completed, which provided that the future should be the county not divided and only a descendant of Count Waldeck. His sucessor became his son Otto II. who had been since since 1332 co-regent with his father. In 1345 he completed a “eternal alliance” with Archbishop Henry of Mainz. As the time of his predecessor, there were disagreements with the archbishops of Cologne in their capacity as Dukes of Westphalia. This dispute was settled in 1346 by comparison. Otto was invested in 1349 by Emperor Karl IV. with the county Waldeck as an imperial fief. He was raised to an imperial Count. After the death of his father in 1354, he laid claim to the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, but Duke Wilhelm was able to secure the succession of his brother. Emperor Karl IV. undertook Duke Wilhelm to pay Otto pay a high compensation, but this was never done. After Archbishop Gerlach of Mainz and Landgrave Heinrich of Hesse had in 1357 brought most of the rule Itter per se, the archbishop of Mainz pledged its share same lötigen for 1,000 silver marks Fritzlarer weight to Count Otto. 1381 Otto gave this pledge to stem further Thile I. Wolff of Gudenberg, two years later, the Hessian part received in pledge owned and whose descendants rule Itter until 1542/1562 retained possession. On 08.07.1358 commissioned Otto II. , still under the influence of severe plague epidemic of 1349, members of the Hospitaller Order of Wiesenfeld with the establishment of a hospital in Lower Wildungen. To this end, he donated his old Mühlenhof at the Wilde between the two cities Lower Wildungen and Altwildungen. The small hospital was built in the years 1358-1369. 1372 it became the Johanniter Coming Wildungen. In 1368, the Landgrave of Hesse and the archbishop allied against Otto II. and his son Heinrich to snatch them, the Friedrich flintlock in Wildungen. From an arbitral tribunal the Waldecker were sentenced to damages for the breach of the with Mainz concluded with Mainz Erbbündnissesinheritance agreement. After the death of Count Otto II. a year later his oldest son Heinrich who had been co-regent of his father since hs Wedding in 1363. In 1366 he moved with a large force against the town Korbach to punish those for disobedience. He took the city and led to the hostages by Landau. After long negotiations, the city had to subdue. Later, his behavior towards Korbach was quite benevolent: he granted the citizens many rights and allowed them around to fix the city. As his mother’s heritage he was also a candidate for the acquisition of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. After the death of Wilhelm II. of Brunswick-Lüneburg even traveled a delegation of Brunswick-Lüneburg estates to Waldeck to Heinrich to take the rule, but as the Legation heard of his crackdown on Korbach, she traveled once again. In 1370 Heinrich offset his share of the castle Nordenau, and possessions Bigge, Rüdenberg and Olsberg and other rights (eg in Medelon) to the family of Gaugreben. In 1371 he concluded an alliance with the Landgrave Heinrich II. Of Hesse. In 1364 he joined the Westphalian peace alliance, During his reign, he participated in numerous feuds and other disputes. He was alone twice involved in sieges of Kassel. In alliance with the Landgrave Heinrich II.of Hesse he was allied in the fight against the robber barons of Padberg. Heirnich died on 16.0ß2.1397 from the plague and was in the grave chapel of St. Nicholas buried in Marienthal monastery in networks. After his death the county was divided by his sons into a landau line under Adolf and Waldecker line under Heinrich
County of Waldeck-Waldeck
Heinrich VII. was the founder of the new line Waldeck. On 16.11.1399 he became Mainzer Bailiff and Bailiff on the Mainzer offices Fritzlar, Hofgeismar, Battenberg, Rosenthal, Elenhog and weather. A position he lost in 1404 temporarily, but was probably in 1406, at least temporarily back. Through the Office him his power seemed to be large enough to break the covenants of his house with the Landgraviate Hessen. At Whitefeast 1400, he moved with a strong troop to Kassel, where indeed he could do nothing against the city itself, but put some villages around on fire. A short time later, on 05.06.1400 he attacked with his men, including Friedrich III. of Hertingshausen and Konrad (Kunzmann) from Falkenberg in Kleinenglis, south of Fritzlar, Duke Freidrich of Brunswick, where the Duke was killed in a fierce battle. Duke Freidrich , who was coming from the Frankfurt Princessay , had after the planned withdrawal of the King Wenceslas good chance of succeeding, but Archbishop Johann II. of Mainz favored Ruprecht, Count Palatine of the Rhine. Although the soon afterwards elected new King Ruprecht I. let investigate the matter, Heirnich II. was obliged as an atonement for the slaying of the Duke only the foundation of an altar with an everlasting soul Mass at the Church of St. Peter in Fritzlar. Violent and sometimes violent clashes had Henry with his brother Adolf. Here it was not until 1421 to reach an agreement. Thereafter, the division of the county has been confirmed, but it was also determined that neither side was allowed without the knowledge and agreement of the other side to sell or pawn parts of the country. The rules for both sides Documents and Lehnsregister should be collected in a common archive on the castle Waldeck. Home Fallen fief should revert to the full House. Likewise, the spiritual benefices should be awarded from both sides. The castle men and councils should investigate and settle any conflicts. In the following years this contract was renewed and clarified. Heinrich had numerous feuds with neighboring nobles, including the Padbergern and Bengler covenant. The Padberger feud lasted until 1413-1418. Relations with the Landgraviate Hessen were 1402 temporarily normalized, and Heinrich joined for this even as an intermediary. In 1410 he was again top Mainzer representatives in Upper and Lower Hesse. He fell in 1412 in Hessian territory and destroyed the city Kirchhain. Landgrave Hermann succeeded dismissal Heinrichs from Mainzer services for eight years. In 1420 Henry joined an alliance with the Landgrave Ludwig lifetime. In 1424 he pledged, together with his son Wolrad, half his county for lifetime of 22,000 florins to Landgrave Ludwig of Hesse. The Landgraf reimbursed him the sum and also received the homage of the castle and respective vassals, burghers and peasants. . However, after the intervention of the Archbishop Konrad von Mainz and Archbishop of Cologne Dietrich II of Moers, who was also administrator of the diocese of Paderborn, recanted Heinrich and Wolrad – citing an archbishop of Mainz allegedly earlier promise made – the Treaty in 1426, pledged half of their country instead of 18,000 guilders to the archbishop of Mainz, and opened to him, and the Archbishop of Cologne their castles. This was one of the triggers of the Main hissing-Hessian War of 1427. Archbishop Conrad offered the Landgrave although at still returned to him on the paid Waldeck deposit sum of 22,000 guilders, but Ludwig refused. On War, which officially started the feud declaration of the Archbishop on 21 July, took Henry and his son Wolrad actively participate in Mainz page. After the defeat of Mainz and the peace accord in December 1427, the Landgrave gave back his pledge to stem refund the deposit sum. But already in 1438 Heinrich was forced to apply his part of the county of Waldeck the Landgrave fief. His successor was his oldest son Wolrad I. who already on 19.05.1434 became the supreme magistrate and bailiff over the towns and castles of Mainz Amöneburg, Battenberg, Neustadt, Rosenthal, Hausen (Knüllwald), Fritzlar, Jesberg, Hofgeismar, Naumburg, weather and Rhoden (Diemelstadt), etc. and the associated villages and dishes ordered. After him, however, occurred already in 1438, Count Johann II. Of Ziegenhain in these offices, and already in 1439 Landgrave Ludwig I of Hesse. After Wolrads death his son Philipp I succeeded as Count of Waldeck Waldeck. When he died in the same year 1475 yet, Philipp‘s brother Philipp II. II. Regent for Philipp’s I. still infant son Heinrich VIII. 1486 divided Heinrich VIII. and Philip II. the county: Heinrich VIII.’ s line called Wildungen, received Altenwildungen and Neuenburg; while Philip II’s line called Eisenberg received received Eisenberg, Eilhausen, Mengeringhausen, Landau, Wetterburg, Düdinghausen. Each line received one half of Waldeck, Rhoden, and Itter. Both lines jointly owned the cities of Korbach, Niederwildungen, Sachsenhausen, Sachsenberg and Freienhagen.
In 1486 Heinrich VIII. and his nephew Philipp II. divided divided the county Waldeck Waldeck. However, the castle and the town Waldeck should both belong together. Because the castle for two court households was too small, Heinrich 1VII. in 1500 built on the castle grounds a second housing. In 1487 the two Waldecker Count jointly founded the Franciscan convent in Korbach. Heinrich VII. married in 1492 Anastasia of Runkel, heiress of Wilhelm of Runkel († 1489). This part of Isenburg and Wied came into his possession. He called himself Count of Waldeck and Lord to Isenburg. After his wife’s death in 1503, he sold these possessions to a cousin of his wife, the Count Johann III. von Wied. With his wife he had sons Phlipp IV. and Wihelm. In 1493 he was appointed by Count Engelbert of Nassau-Dillenburg, an uncle from the mother’s family, the governor of the county of Vianden in today Luxembourg. With the death of Otto IV. In 1495 the line of Waldeck-Landau became extinct. Possession fell to the line to Waldeck. To the possession occurred since 1496 a dispute between Philip II. and Heinrich VII. Despite the current public peace of dispute was initially held at gunpoint. Only 1498 suggested both sides a legal action and called on the Reichskammergericht newly furnished. In 1507 both sides agreed. Then the cities of Korbach, Lower Wildungen, Sachsenhausen, Sachsenberg and Freienhagen remained owned jointly. Heinrich VII. got City and Castle Altwildungen and the associated office. Office, castle and town Waldeck remained communally owned. The same applies to the Castle, and City Office Rhodes and the rule of Itter. Total Heinrichs share amounted to total ownership of the house about 1/3. In 1504, Heinrich VII. and Philip II. joined with their people the troops of the Hessian Landgrave Wilhelm II. To which marched against the Palatinate for the implementation of the outlawed along with other on behalf of King Maximilian. The two counts were also in 1505 in the wake of the Landgrave on the Reichstag in Cologne present. When it attacks some noble lords came against subjects of Henry in 1509, he asked the Landgrave in vain for assistance. The Counts of Waldeck were in 1512 a member of the newly founded Counts association. After his death in 1513 is older son Philipp IV. succeeded him. His youth he had spent in Vianden (Luxembourg), where his father was governor; later he spent some time at the royal court of France. At the Diet of Worms in 1521, where he also met his first wife Margaret of Ostfriesland, met the 28-year-old Philipp along with Martin Luther and was in the following years a follower of his teachings. Already in 1525, as the evangelical preaching was arranged expressly in the county, the vast majority of North Hesse and Waldeck’s population had become Lutheran. Philip invited soon after the previously expelled from the main fizzle Fritzlar Lutheran preacher Johann Hefentreger (John Trygophorus) to a sample sermon, which he kept in Alt-Wildungen on 29.04.1526. Then he summoned Philip IV. and his uncle, Count Philipp III. of Waldeck-Eisenberg, as pastor of the city Waldeck, where he gave his inaugural sermon on 17.06. 1526. On 26.06.1526 it was Philip IV in the Waldecker town church hold a Lutheran church and thus officially led the Reformation in the county -. Four months before Landgrave Philip I. with Homberger Synod introduced the Reformation in neighboring Hesse. In the same year (1526) organized Philip IV. And Graf Wolrad II. Of Waldeck-Eisenberg at a synod in later dissolved monastery Volkhardinghausen with their pastors the Waldeckische Lutheran Church. They were largely of the “Evangelical advice to Count Philip IV. Zu Waldeck” conduct of Hesse reformer Adam Krafft. Count Philipp IV. was succeeded by his son Daniel who reigned only for 3 yerars and was succeeded by his brother Heinrich IX,. who died only a few months later. The new Cout became their nephew Count Günther. Until his govermenet Takeover he lived at the court of Landgrave Wilhelm IV. oon Hessen Cassel. Günther married on 15,.12. 1578 in Wildungen Margarethe, the daughter of Johann I. from the line Waldeck–Landau, who died in the year 1580. In his second marriage he married the countly daughter Margarethe von Gleichen. On this marriage and a relevant contract of inheritance, the acquisition of the county Pyrmont by the Counts of Waldeck in 1625. was based. From this wecond marriage he had a son Wilhelm Ernst, who, however, at the age of 14 years at 16.09.1598 died during his studies in Tübingen. With his death the line of Waldeck-Wildungen became extinct.
After his death in 1539 his sons Wolrad II. and Johann I. split the territory in 2 lines where Wolrad II. was the founder of the middle Eisenberg line and Johann the younger Landau line.
Count Wolrad II. was the founder of the line Waldeck-Eisenberg middle line. He was known with the surname “the scholar” 1546 he took as one of three Protestant auditors participate in the Regensburg Colloquy. From 1547 until his death in 1578 he lived in the moated castle to Eilhausen. He was succeeeded by his son Count Josias I. The sons of Count Josias, Christian and Wolrad split again inm 2 lines where Christian was the founder of the new line Eisenberg and Wolrad of the younger wildungen line.
Count Wolrad IV. was the founder of the younger line of Waldeck-Eisenberg. Since the territorial politics of his father Josias Waldeck came increasingly into conflict with the adjacent Landgraviate of Hesse, had exercised considerable influence on the land during the Reformation. For conflict arose when the city Korbach 1615 the Count’s city judges deposed and asked the Landgrave a new judge. By contrast, the Counts of Waldeck went before. This led to the intervention of Hesse, which is now claimed not only the suzerainty but also the country’s sovereignty over Waldeck. In 1621 Landgrave Moritz of Hesse-Kassel was even invading troops in Waldeck. At times, had to flee the country Wolrad. He asked by exploiting family connections to the Dutch States-General and the governor Maurice of Orange-Nassau with success to support. His brother Christian turned to Emperor Ferdinand II. On the orders of the Emperor, the Hessen had to vacate the occupied land. In 1625 to him and his brother Christian fell the County of Pyrmont. Since then, they called themselves Counts of Waldeck-Pyrmont. During the Thirty Years War, the Waldecker were indeed expelled from Pyrmont, received the county but later returned. Through Wolrads wive Anna of Baden-Durlach came as inheritance in 1639, the county Cuylenburg in today’s Netherlands and some other lordhips in the possession of the house Waldeck. His oldest son and Successor Philipp Dietrich received from the inheritance of his mother Kinzweiler, Engelsdorf, Frechen Bachem in the Eifel. He made several trips to France and Italy and was for a time in the Dutch military Services. In 1639, Count Florence of Pallandt the owner of the dominions Culemborg, Werth, Wittem and Pallant died. Through his mother Philipp Dietrich inherited these possessions. He took over in 1640, the domination of the county of Waldeck-Eisenberg. He resided partly at the castle Eisenberg, partially in Cuylenburg. About Parts of possessions in the Eifel there were lengthy legal battles. Finally, the Waldeck claims were resigned. After his early death of his brother Georg Friedrich took over the regency for the new young Count Heinrich Wolrad who was not of Age. Cunt Heinrich Wolrad resided at the castle Eisenberg, which had been severely damaged in 1621 during the Thirty Years War of Hesse-checkout metallic troops, and was the last one left put the system back into stand. Testify his coat of arms and that of his wife with the year 1662. With little success, he tried to leave the Eisenberger gold mine company through a mountain Legal union back into operation. He was on his way to join the imperial troops in the Turkish War 1663/1664 against the Ottomans, when he suddenly died in Graz. After his death the county Waldeck–Eisenberg fell to his uncle Georg Friedrich. The new Count Georg Friedrich fought under Karl X Gustav of Sweden in the last two campaigns against Denmark. After that, he was a German field marshal in 1664 in the Battle of Saint Gotthard (Mogersdorf). Under William III. of Orange-Nassau, he was chief of staff of the Dutch army. In 1682 he was knighted by Emperor Leopold I as Fürst of Waldeck as as imperial Fürst (Reichsfürstenstand) as personal title. The low financial strength of his principality, which had already forced his ancestors to many pledges of their income, Georg Friedrich forced a bond of 1 million marks from the Landgrage Karl Hessen-Kassel. During the Turkish war led Georg Friedrich of Waldeck in 1683 the district troops in Bavaria, Franconia and Upper Hesse to end the Turkish siege for relieving army to Vienna. He then worked as an independent commander from 1685 under Duke Karl of Lorraine and the Elector Max Emanuel of Bavaria. Georg Friedrich was in 1688 by William III. appointed captain general of the Netherlands when he left for England. 1689 he defended together with Brandenburg in Belgium the Lower Rhine against the French. He triumphed at Walcourt, but was defeated in 1690 in the Battle of Fleurus and in 1691 at the Battle of Leuze of Marshal Montmorency-Luxembourg. Georg Friedrich of Waldeck died on 19.11.1692 and was buried in Arolsen Korbach. His part county passed since his four sons were all passed away before him, due to an agreement as to succession concluded in 1685 to his cousin Christian Ludwig of Waldeck-Wildungen, the so united both parts of the county for the first time since 1397 again in a hand
Count Johann I. was the founder of the younger line Waldeck-Landau. He took on the part of Protestants part on Schmalkaldic War against Emperor Karl V. and had to arrive along with other members of the house Waldeck on 26.11.1547 in Augsburg. There Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Bishop of Arras gave them a sharp reprimand in the name of the Empero. . They had knees apology afford and her mother had to pay a considerable sum of money as punishment. In 1553 Johann visited his uncle Franz of Waldeck, Bishop of Münster. This sent him with others in the city of Münster in order to investigate a dispute between the city council and the guilds and settle possible. Upon his return, the bishop of the city of Munster granted her confiscated after the Baptist sovereign rights. In the corresponding certificate and Johann was mentioned. After the Peace of Augsburg of 1555 Johann proposed the other members of the Waldecker House before a meeting of all ministers to improve the Evangelical Church being. The Counts were represented at the meeting by their councils. Also in attendance were preachers from Lippe to work with the aim of both Dominions a unified church order. At the synod the appointment of superintendents in every part of the country and of Kirchenvisitatoren was decided. After the first visitation another synod was convened to discuss the results and prepare a church order. This was decided and printed in 1557 in Marburg for the first time. In 1561 the Electorate of Cologne Drost of Volkmarsen, Jobst pity fell into the Johanns area. Johann asked the Landgrave Philip of Hesse for support. Because of inheritance disputes, he lived with his mother Anna in strife. Through the mediation of Duke William of Jülich, Kleve and Berg and Landgrave Philip came in 1561 for a comparison. Thereafter, the mother was lwft the house and office Arolsen until her death. After that it should revert to the line Waldeck-Landau. After the death of Bernard VIII. Zur Lippe Johann was one of the guardians of the children. He was succeeded by his oldest son Philipp VI. who remaied unmarried and had no issue. His successor was therefore his younger brother ‘Franz III. who also had ni children. After his death in 1597 the younger line of Waldeck-Landau became extinct.
Count Adolf II. was the fouinder of the new Landau line. Much of his reign was marked by the conflicts with his brother. He did not agree that Heinrich had destroyed the former alliance with the Landgraviate of Hesse in 1400 by his attack on the outskirts of Kassel. As a result, also be part of the country by Hessian troops was ambushed. Adolf II. wanted to restore the good relationship with Hesse. Heinrich VII. published in 1406 nineteen complaints against his brother and hit a referee before the mayors and councils of cities Korbach and Lower Wildungen. In return, Adolf accused his brother, he had sold his own authority to Schartenberg to the Archbishop of Cologne. Attempts to come to an agreement between the brothers remained for years without success. Only in 1421 it came through the mediation of Count Johann II. of Ziegenhain, Adolf’s brother-in.law, a comparison between the two brothers and their sons Otto and Wolrad. The division of the county was indeed confirmed, but it was also determined that neither side was allowed without the knowledge and agreement of the other side to sell or pledge Country Test hurry. The rules for both sides Documents and Lehnsregister should be collected in a common archive on the castle Waldeck. Home Fallen fief should revert to the full House. Likewise, the spiritual benefices should be awarded jointly by both sides. The Burgmannen and councils should investigate and settle any conflicts. In the following years this contract was renewed and clarified. Immdieatly after his death on 08.10.1431 his son and successor Otto III. gave Castle and town of Landau with all accessories the Landgrave Ludwig I of Hesse as a fief on and got it from this as a hereditary fief for himself and his sons Johann and Heinrich back. The previous policy of Waldecker counts – as well as the Ziegenhainer – to maneuver to protect its own independence between Hesse and Electoral Mainz was, according to the Mainz defeat at Fritzlar in July and at Fulda in August in Main hissing-Hessian War of 1427 and the Treaty of Frankfurt no longer possible in December 1427 after Mainz had almost all his possessions in low- and medium-Hesse to take as fief from the Landgrave of Hesse. The in 1431 by Otto III. Changes made to Landgrave Ludwig pledging the village Ehringen (in the years 1455, 1472 and 1534 have increased several times) later led to much controversy between Waldeck and Hesse and only ended in a 1635 decided and in 1648 confirmed with the Peace of Westphalia comparison by Waldeck the sovereign rights to Hesse ceded, all other rights (mills, church rate, etc.) but still retained. On 30.08.1438 and extended his fief Otto renewed contract to Landgrave Ludwig; He undertook an eventual trial of its Waldecker relatives to apply its rule another prince to sell or to pledge to refuse his consent. At the same time he borrowed the Landgrave 3100 Rheinische gold florins, for which he received this, the Office Hofgeismar (the City was still hissing main) and the castle Schöneberg pledged. Otto’s son Otto IV. Held these pledges still in 1495, when he died himself. After the extinction of the house Ziegenhain with Count Johann II. and the immediate, but still controversial to 1495 seizure of the two counties Ziegenhain and Nidda by Landgrave Ludwig Otto III. whose sister Elizabeth was the last Ziegenhainer Count’s widow, and his son Otto IV rennounced formalley on r 30.06.1455 formally in writing and orally to an arbitration board under the chairmanship of Hessian Marshal Johann von Meisenbug the counties Ziegenhain and Nidda and the castle and dominion Lißberg, apparently after receiving a severance package. The two expressed, get 1,000 florins and the village Twiste and an annual cash payment from the Landgrave and 1,000 florins lent to have – a comparatively small return for the renunciation of inheritance rights to the two counties. In 1459 Count Otto III. died and was suceeded by his son Otto IV. Count Otto IV. was involved in a number of armed conflicts. He supported the Landgrave Ludwig II. Of Hesse in the criminal campaigns against the Hanseatic city of Einbeck in 1461 and 1479 and to the Cologne city Volkmarsen in 1476. In the years 1464 to 1471 Otto IV. was on the side of the Landgrave in the Hessen-Paderbornischen feud with Bishop Simon III. of Paderborn. Here Otto struggled in particular in 1469 against the brother of the bishop, Bernhard von der Lippe, after he invaded Waldeck territoty. In 1474 he was again with Bishop Simon III. of Paderborn involved in armed conflicts. The Paderborner had destroyed Waldecker territory, and Otto IV. marched in return to Lichtenau, captured the city, and moved with considerable booty and a number of prisoners again. Bishop Simon appealed to turn his brother Bernhard to the aid of a considerable contingent besieged the city Waldeckische Mengeringhausen on 01.02.1475; with Bernhard et al were located Count Johann I von Rietberg and the counts and lords of Hoya, Schauenburg and Diepholz. Otto rushed with his men of the town to help. His 75-year Wolrad relatives of Waldeck, however, managed to visit Bishop Simon in the enemy camp and to move to a comparison so that the siege lifted and the feud was ended.In the same year 1475 became Otto in a feud with Johann I of Rietberg and its allies, who attacked the small town of Rhodes and taking prisoners and cattle. Otto allied then with the city of Korbach, fell on Whit Monday 1476 sword and fire in the village and neighboring villages Erwitte, and moved with rich booty back home. In 1482 Otto denied a feud with Johann, Gottschalk and Heinrich of Harthausen and their allies from the Westphalian nobility and another with Stephan von der Malsburg, and in 1484 he stood in feud with Philipp von Urff and Eberhard Schenk zu Schweinsberg.Count Otto IV. died on 14.10.1495. As hed no surviving chuildren from his 2 marriages the line of Ladau became extinct with his death.
from the first marriage:
- Charlotte Elisabeth died young
- Dorothe Elisabeth, married to Rudolf zur Lippe-Brake
- Georg Friedrich died young
- Heinrich Wolrad died young
- Charlote Sofie, married to Johann Junker
- Alexandrine Henriette, died young
- ChrIstin Magdalene, Abbess in Schaaken
- Eleonore Katharine
- Eberhardine Luise
- Friedrich Ljudwig, died young
- Philipp Ernst, died young
- Karl, died as child
- Wilhelm Ernst, died young
- Friedrich Anton ulrioch, he succeeded his father as Count
- Marie Henriette, died as child
from the second marriage:
- Ernst August, fell in the Battle of Speyerbach
- Heinrich Georg married to Ulrika Eleonore zu Dohna-Carwinden
- Christine Eleonore Luise, Abbess in Schaaken
- Sofie Wilhelmine, Abbess in Schaaken
- Karl Christian Ludwig
- Josias, died young
- Johann Wolrad, died as child
- Henriette Albertine, died as child
- Josias, married to Countess Dorothea zu Solms-Rödelhelm and Assenheim. He founded the countly junior-line Waldeck–Bergheim. After his death, his son Georg Friedrich followed as Graf zu Waldeck–Bergheim (1732 to 1771). When he died without descendants entitled to inherit his brother Josiah II followed him. His descendants continued the count’s side line up to the 27.09.1938 when Count Hermann of Waldeck and Pyrmont in Bergheim, died without male heirs.
- Charlotte Florentine, Abbess in Schaaken
- Friedrich Wilhelm
After his death in 1706 he was succeeded by his son Friedrich Anton Ulrich who in 1712 was raised to an hereditary Fürst of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand) by Emperor Karl VI.
He built the hunting lodge Friedrichsthal (1701) in Selbach, the baroque palace at Pyrmont (1706), Castle Friedrichstein in Wildungen (1707-1714) and finally the Arolsen Castle (1713-1729), thus paving Arolsen as a residential city (1719). His palace buildings had a considerable debt of the small Principality result.
Fürst Friedrich Anton Ludwig married in 1700 Cuntess Palatinate Henriette of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld.. They had 11 children
- Christian Philipp, who succeeded his father as Fürst
- Friederike Magdalene, died young
- Henriette, Abbess in Schaaken
- Karl August Friedrich, succeeded his brother, Fürst Christian Philipp as Fürst
- Ernestine Luise, married to Count Palatinate Friedrich Bernhard of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen
- Ludwig Franz Anton
- Sofie Wilhelmine Elisabeth
- Franziska Christine Ernestine
- Luise Albertine Friederike
- Josef, dies as child
After the death of Fürst Friedrich Anton Ludwig on 01.01.1725 he was his oldest son Christian Philipp who died only a few months later on 17.05. New Fürst those became his younger brother Philipp August Friedrich. He had been provided from the outset for the military service. He first served in a French regiment in Alsace and entered 1725 in the Prussian service. Military service, he resigned in 1728 temporarily and undertook journeys, including to Italy. He and his family were his life from antiquity excited and collected ancient art treasures. In the Polish war of succession from 1733 to 1738 he served as Imperial General Field Sergeant. As such, he made under Eugene of Savoy with the campaign of 1735 on the Rhine. At the meeting of Clausen he distinguished himself. He led his nine companies of grenadiers himself into battle and was victorious. In 1736 he made the campaign to Hungary. In the following years he was involved in the campaigns against the Turks. He was wounded in 1737 during the siege of the fortress in 1739 and Rissa at Krozka. In 1742, Karl August Friedrich became the General Chief of the Dutch Army during the Austrian War of Succession appointed. There, too, he distinguished himself in several battles. However, the Dutch army was defeated in the battles of Fontenoy, Roucoux and run Feldt under his command. The end of his command in the Netherlands began with unrest in the Dutch cities as a result of the burdens of war. For domestic political reasons he was replaced by Prince Willlem IV. of Orange. In 1746 he was appointed Imperial Field Marshal. Domestically, he tried to limit the debt burden of the small country. However, he and his wife also led the Arolsen Castle contemporary remodel and expand in the rococo style. In 1730 he led in Sudeck the princely hunting lodge Carlsruh build from Giebringhäuser marble. It was demolished in 1790. Karl Friedrich August gave protection letters to Jewish people, if they could prove a fortune of at least 1000 talers. Then, the immigration of Jewish citizens began in the Principality. During the Seven Years’ War, the country suffered from the Waldeck Through marches and battles. The castle Waldeck in which there was a French garrison, was besieged for two years and in 1762 fired.
Fürst Karl August Friedrich married in 1741 the Countess Palatinate Christiane of Birkenfeld.
They had the following children:
- Karl. died young
- Friedrich Karl August, succeeded his father as Fürst
- Christian, Field Marshal of the Army of Portugal,
- Georg, succeeded his brother, Fürst Friedrich Karl August as Fürst
- Karoline, married (divorced) to Duke Peter of Biron
- Luise, Duke Friedrich August of Nassau-Usingen
- Ludwig, Major General of the Dutch cavalry
When Fürst Karl August Friedrich died in 1763 his heir the new Fürst Friedrich Karl August was not of age. Therefore until his coming of age In the first two years until his coming of age the mother led the regency. In 1775 he undertook a trip to England. In Waldeck he undertook various modernization efforts. These included the promotion of the construction of roads, agriculture and commerce, particularly of wool and linen trade and ironmaking. He issued various regulations governing the Church being. Under his reign, a gymnasium was built in Korbach, and he improved the situation of teachers. As his parents and his brothers, he was very fond of the sciences. He even left a written in French history of the Seven Years’ War and some biographical sketches. He encouraged the publication of the memoirs of his father on the campaigns from 1745 to 1747. He was also a patron of the arts. The training of Johann Friedrich August Tischbein were funded by the Fürst and Tischbein was appointed court painter later. In his reign time the New Castle in Arolsen ws completed in 1778. I Friedrich Karl August was Although not a Freemason, but was the protector of the eponymous Masonic “Friedrich to the three sources” in Pyrmont, which led his brother Ludwig in 1783 until his death in 1793 as a Master of the chair. He was obviously religiously tolerant, it permitted in the county Pyrmont the settlement of a Quaker community. [he foreign Jews, however Friedrich banned by decree of 11.11.1767 from January 1768 the trade in Waldeck. However, high costs led to a sharp increase in the debt of the country. Already in the throne he took over 800,000 Reichstaler debt, and this debt burden grew by his lavish court and for an inadequate accounting steadily. Friedrich Karl August, therefore let Waldecker soldiers during the Revolutionary War since 1775 the UK: the 3rd Regiment Waldeckische were affiliated to the Association of Hesse-Cassel. Overall, more than 1200 Waldecker soldiers fought in America. The losses amounted to 720 man. However, the revenue from the rental soldiers were not sufficient to stop the over-indebtedness. In 1784 there was indeed a restructuring which now amount ranging from 1.2 million Reichstaler debt. Yet Friedrich Karl August went bankrupt at the imperial court. The Fürst also did not utilize the opportunity to improve their financial situation through a befitting marriage. Even the attempted sale of the county Pyrmont failed. The own coin of the Principality could not contribute to improving the situation well because the precious metal deposits were exhausted. The returning of America troops were integrated into the Waldecker units in Dutch services as a fifth battalion. The 1793 and 1794 served the prince as a Dutch officer in coalition war against France. After that, he retired from active Military service. With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803 he received a Virilstimme the Imperial Council. The Principality previously located in one hand in was divided in 1805. His brother Georg received Pyrmont, and Friedrich Karl August, thus remaining only the domination of Waldeck. In 1807 he joined the Confederation of the Rhine and got a seat on the Prince Quorum of the Federal Assembly.
He had a not befitting relationship with Charlotte Hermann, the daughter of a government council. Trying his mother to let rise the beloved by the imperial court to the nobility, failed. The resistance of both the own relationship as well as the Governing Hermann meant that there was no marriage. Therefore Friedrich Karl August remained unmarried and had no legitimate offspring. This after his death ion 24.09.1812 the trone went to his younger brother Georg I. Likde his brother Fürst Georg I. had in April 1807 the Confederation of the Rhine in, bringing both the county and the Principality of Waldeck Pyrmont could be saved from how to be working the neighboring states in the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia.
Fürst Georg I. was married to Princess Auguste of Schwarzburg-Sonderhshausen.
They had the following descendants.
- Christiane Friederike Auguste, Abbess of Schaaken
- Karl. died as child
- Georg, who succeeded his father as Fürst
- Friedrich, married to Ursula Pull, who was created Coutness of Waldeck
- Christian, died as child
- Auguste, died as child
- Johann Ludwig
- Ida, married to Fürst Georg zu Schaumburg-Lippe
- Mathilde, married to Duke Eugen of Württemberg
- Karl Christian, married to Countess Amalie zur Lippe-Biesterfeld
- Albrecht, married first to Dorothe Age, who was created Countess of Rhoden, second he married Princess Luise zu Hohenlohe-Oehringen
from the first marriage:
from the second marriage:
- Georg Friedrich, died as child
- Karl Alexander
- Albertine, died as child
- Erich, married to Baroness Konstanze of Falkenaus, she weas created Countess of Grebenstein
- Heinrich, married to Countess Auguste zu Ysenburg-Philippseich
- Albrecht, married first to Dorothe Age, who was created Countess of Rhoden, second he married Princess Luise zu Hohenlohe-Oehringen
- Karoline, died as child
- Hermann, married to Countess Agnes Teleki of Szék
Fürst Georg I. died only a 1 year after he succeeded his brother in September 1613. new Fürst became his oldest son Georg II. On 28.01 1814 Fürst Georg II. adopted a constitution, the organization edict Waldeck–Pyrmont. This imposed, that is, without the participation of the estates or of the people had come into existence Constitution, took Fürst George II. the constitutional unification of the Principality of Waldeck and (since 1807 as a principality called) County Pyrmont. This scheme called among the Waldeck‘s stands forth a storm of protest. The President of the estates Carl Friedrich von Dalwigk was spokesman of the opposition, which ultimately prevailed that Fürst Georg II. on 03.07.1814 the new constitutional separation Waldeck and Pyrmont had to confirm in the Convention. 1815 Waldeck the German Confederation, in 1832 the German Zollverein.
Fürst Georg II. was marrid to Princess Emma of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. They had 5 children:
- Augste Amalie Ida, married to Fürst Alfred zu Stolberg-Stolberg
- Josef Friedrich heinrich, died as child
- Hemrine married to Fürst Adolf I. zu Schaumburg-Lippe
- Georg Victor, who succeeded his father as Fürst
When Fürst Georg II. died on 15.05.1845 the heir Georg Victor was only 14 years old. Therefore his mother Emma became Regent until 1852 accorind to the Testament of the late Fürst. Among Emma’s first acts was the Reformation of waldeckischen Part of the federal army in 1845 belonged by Prussian officers. In the regency Emmas also covers the events of the Revolution of 1848-49, in which result in Waldeck, a new parliament was convened. The government Emma’s is described as the most significant for Waldeck and included a complete redesign and renovation of the state organism. Because of the Revolution of 1848/49 a ne Constitution was drafted which was promulgated on 23.05.1849 but objections where raised against it. On 14,01.1852 Fürst Georg Victor had come of age but he refused to sign the new Constitution and took over the regency only after a from him taken constitutional amendment on 17.08.1852. In the German War, he stood on the side of Prussia. He offered Prussia on his land to the annexation, which had annexed the neighboring elctoral hesse after this military conflict. Since the small and financially weak principality could not pay his no contributions to the North German Confederation the state legislature, the Federal Constitutional refused unanimously to urge the prince to a Akzessionsvertrag with Prussia. Bismarck had previously rejected the idea of a union with Prussia for reasons of prestige. Then Waldeck-Pyrmont made in October 1867 the Akzessionsvertrag with Prussia, accordingly, the Principality remained nominally independent, Prussia but from 01.01.1868, the government deficit and the internal administration with Justice and Education of the Principality, however, according to Waldeck’s laws, took over. Prussia appointed since, in formal agreement with the Fürst , a country director. The jurisdiction has been exercised by the Prussian court in Kassel and, for the part of the country Pyrmont, in Hanover. The Fürst remained only the management of the church being the right of pardon and the right of assent in laws. He also continued to receive the proceeds of the domains. The contract was renewed subsequently every ten years. 1871 Waldeck was a state of the newly founded German Empire. In the Prussian army Georg Vikcor held the rank of general of infantry.
- Sophie, died young
- Pauline, married to Früst Alexis zu Bentheim and Steinfurt
- Marie, married to King Wilhelm II. of Württemberg
- Emma, married to King Willem III. of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxemburg, From 1890-1898 she was Regent of the Netherlands for her daughter Wilhelmina
- Helene, married to Prince Leopold of Great Britain, Duke of Albany
- Friedrich, he succeeded his father as Fürst
- Elisabeth, married to Fürst Alexander zu Erbachg-Schönberg
- Wolrad, he fell in 1914 in Moosrledge in Belgium
After the death of Fürst Georg Victor died on 23.05.1893 his only son from his first marriage succeeded him as Fürst Friedrich. As a general of cavalry, he took part in the First World War. As in 1918 abdicated because of the November Revolution, the German Emperor and the monarchs of the German Federal States, he was the only German prince who did not sign a renuniciatuion. He was declared deposed on 13.11.1918 by specially representatives of Kassel workers and soldiers councils. The Socialist mayor Philipp Scheidemann of Kassel called him because of his resistance jokingly “Friedrich the defiant“.
By comparison with the Parliament of the Free State of Waldeck received Friedrich and his descendants in 1920 the usufruct of Arolser castle and the ownership of the forest and the domain Arolsen Hünighausen; the latter was then exchanged for the domain Eilhausen.
Fürst Friedrich married on 09.08.1895 Princess Bathilds zu Schaumburg-Lippe, a daughter of Prince Wilhelm from the Nachod line. Her sisters where Queen Charlotte of Württemberg and Duchess Luise of Saxe-Anhalt.
They had 4 children:
- Josia, he succeeded his father as Head of the Princely House
- Max, married to Countess Gustava of Platen Hallermund
- Marie Louise, marrried to Fürst Albrecht zu Castell-Castell
- Friedrich-Karl, married to Ingeborg von Biela
- Caroline, married to Cord-Georg Hasselmann
- Donata, married to Markus Conrad
- Juliane, married (divorced) first to Gerhard Kuppe, married second to Stephan Hobe
- Georg-Viktor, married to Margarete von Klitzing
- Friederike, married to Michael Paar
- Barbara, married to Christian Düsel
- Christian-Ludwig, amrried to Countess Camilla of Holck
- Wolrad, married to Elisabeth von Trotha
- Helene-Sophie, maried (divorced) to Baron Michael of Forstner
- Helene, married to Hereditary Grand Duke Nikolaus of Oldenburg
- Georg Wilhelm, married to Countess Ineborg of Platen Hallermund
- Josias, married to Vita Schwenkreis
- Alexander, married to Tanja Rippetoe’
- Alexander, married to Tanja Rippetoe’
- Georg-Friedrich, married to Princess Sixtina zu Stolberg-Stolberg
- Henriette, marred to Count Hermann zu Castell-Rüdenhausen
- Rixa, married to Hansjoachim vion Wartenberg
- Volkwin, married (divorced) first to Baroness Orlinda of Gablenz, married (divorced) second to Baroness Friederike of Humboldt-Dachroeden
from the first marriage:
- Anton-Ulrich, married to Baroness Elisabeth of Hammerstein-Equord
- Nikolaus, married to Princess Katharina zu Hohenlohe-Langeburg
from the second marriage:
- Ludwig, married to Sarah Hansen
- Helene, married to Philippe Sauzier de la Villetheart
- Anton-Ulrich, married to Baroness Elisabeth of Hammerstein-Equord
- ChristianPeter, married to Sibylla Pieper
- Georg-Wilhelm, married to Freda Riedesel, Baroness of Eisenbach
- Max Georg
- Katharina-Sophie, married to Matthias Hoyer
- Georg-Wilhelm, married to Freda Riedesel, Baroness of Eisenbach
- Josias, married to Vita Schwenkreis
Fürst Friedrich died on 26.05.1946 at Eilinghausen. His successor as head of the Princely House was his oldest son Josias. At the beginning of World War I he volunteered as a soldier. He was wounded several times; among other injuries he suffered a head graze. After the war he became Freikorps officer in Upper Silesia, until he decided to study agronomy. From 1923 and 1927 he was a member of the Young German Order. Then he became on 01.11.1929 member of the NSDAP (membership. 160 025) and the SS (SS-Nr. 2139). Josias was adjutant of Sepp Dietrich and Heinrich Himmler, which allowed him a rapid rise in the SS hierarchy. Already in 1932 he was an SS-group leader. Since the 8th parliamentary term in 1933, he was a member of the Reichstag for the Nazi party. After a short stint in the Foreign Office Josias returned 1934 back to the SS. In his capacity as assistant of Himmler he participated in the commanded by Hitler arrest and murder of the SA leadership including its Chief of Staff Ernst Röhm and other rivals for power, by organizing the executions in Munich Stadelheim prison. In December 1934 Hitler appointed him to the so-called “people’s judges” on the 2nd Division of the People’s Court. In 1936 he was raised obergruppenführer, he took over in the same year the command of SS-Oberabschnitts “Rhine” and a year later the same function in the SS top section “Fulda-Werra”. In 1939 he was nominated for the Military District IX to the Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF), which also houses the Buchenwald concentration camp was. In this role he was also responsible for the establishment of a satellite camp of the concentration camp Buchenwald in Kassel Druseltal , in which friom 05.07.1943 until the arrival of the Americans on 04.04.1945 150 concentration camp prisoners forced labor had to do. Due to its function as Higher SS and Police Leader for the Military District IX was he mainly responsible for the evacuation of Buchenwald and the resulting deaths mainly. Under his jurisdiction was the former commander of the Buchenwald concentration camp, standartenführer Karl Otto Koch, sentenced to death for embezzlement and continued for the murder of three detainees for the purpose of covering up his crimes and executed on 05.05.1945. On 14.08. 1947 he was sentenced by the US Military Tribunal at Buchenwald Trial in the internment camp Dachau for crimes related to the Buchenwald concentration camp to a life sentence, but this was reduced on 808.06.1948 at 20 years imprisonment. On 29.11.1950 Fürst Josias was released early for health reasons from the prison for war criminals in Landsberg. The last years of his life he spent withdrawn, inter alia, at Schloss Schaumburg Castle. In the years 1959-1961 a number of investigations have been launched against him, among other things, on suspicion of murder, manslaughter and aiding and abetting murder. Most investigations were stopped due to occurrence of the statute of limitations or “undetectable fault”.
Fürst Josias married on 25,08.1922 at Rastede Duchess Altburg of Oldenburg, one of the daughters of the last reigning Grand Duke of Oldenburg, Friedrich August. They had 5 children:
- Margarethe married (divorced) to Count Franz II. of Erbach-Erbach and of Wartenberg-Roth
- Alexandra, married to Prince Botho zu Bentheim and Steinfurt
- Wittekind, who succeeded his father as head of the Princely House
- Guda, married (divorced) first to Fürst Friedrich Wilhelm zu Wied, married second to Horst Dierkes
|TSH Fürst Wittekind and Fürstin Cecilia|
Fürst Josias died on 30.11.1967 at Schaumbrug Castle. new head of the Princely House became his only son Wittekind. Fürst Wittekind studied business administration in Frankfurt and Cologne and gathered with several internships in different companies experience.e lives with his family in Arolsen Castle. Today he devotes himself in particular the preservation of historical and architectural values of the region and the preservation of the forest as an economic and leisure activities. He is also involved in conservation. On 09.08. 2001 he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. On 27.05.2011 he was honored with the Georg Ludwig Hartig Award for his more than two decades of work as a former chairman of the Hessian Forest Owners Association and his contributions to the implementation of forestry sustainability.
Fürst Wittekind married in May 1988 Countess Cecilia of Goëß-Saurau. They have 3 sons