The Crown Jewels of Bavaria

During my recent stay in Munich i also visited the Treasur which is housed in the Residence in Munich. In it there among opthers lots of particularly valuable “hereditary and dynastic jewels” are on display. be united to form an unsaleable treasure. . Since the early 19th Century it housed the  bavarian Crown Jewels.

The King’s crown was made in 1806 short after Bavaria had become a Kingdom in Paris by  Martin-Guillaume Biennai. The crown is a golden crown bracket of 20 cm diameter and 25 cm height. The Kronreif bears on the top and bottom beads. On the frost are alternately square diamonds, rubies and gold-rimmed diamantgerahmte emeralds. About the hoop seats a spirally ornamented stripes, which encloses different sized diamonds. From accrue eight large and eight smaller prongs. The small teeth are made of heart-shaped diamonds that are framed by smaller diamonds. The large teeth in the form of a Akanthusblatts, sitting in the middle a big diamantgerahmter Emerald. These tines the eight clasps rise scrolled on, dents slightly before the apex, and then rise again volutenhaft upwards and collar made of light. They thus form the basis for the big globe. The clasps are decorated narrow and in the middle with consecutive rows of acanthus leaves. On it are five diamantgerahmte gems alternating rubies and emeralds. The globe bearing a cross of diamonds and its surface is wetted rhomboid. On this ornament sitting small diamonds. A golden band along the equator and in the upper half of the globe contains diamonds and rubies.
The crown was not worn, but placed at the enthronement of the Bavarian kings and royal funerals on the catafalque. On the front side of the globe, a large blue diamond was originally used. This Wittelsbach Diamond, nature blue, and 35.56 kt. heavy, after the Hope Diamond one of the world’s most famous pieces of this kind, and graced the crown until 1918. The House of Wittelsbach in 1931 tried to sell this stone. Since 1964, then the stone was privately owned and on 10 December 2008 he was in London auctioned again for 16.4 million pounds (the equivalent of approximately 18.7 million euros) at the London jeweler Graff.
The Queen’s crown wad also made in 1806 by  Paris by  Martin-Guillaume Biennai.
The crown is made of gold, silver, pearls, emeralds six, two rubies and diamonds. Has produced the frost a diameter of 11 cm and a height of 17 cm.  The golden circlet carries each a row of beads on top and bottom. In between there is a formation of three diamonds, a larger, which is flanked on either side of a smaller one. This formation alternates with diamond rosettes frame emeralds inside, on the front of the crown there are two rubies. About the frost rises a flat band of brilliant occupied, spiraling tendrils. This grow eight large shell-shaped tines which give the crown strap. The mussels carry on its lower half large round or pear-shaped pearls. Of these beads go alternately six bands with beads and five bands with diamonds radiate upwards and away to the side. Sitting between the shells huge Birnperlen on golden pins. The crown strap swing volutenartig upward dents a slightly before another slight turn upwards and meet at the apex, where they are held together by a diamond-set band. Here they bend again as water fountains outside. The strap taper strongly upwards. Enter a number in the middle of pearls, diamonds on the edges are trimmed. About the fountain sits the globe and about the cross, both set with diamonds.Its present appearance the Crown got by the Munich court jeweler Gottfried Merk who  in 1867 slight changes undertook by order of Ludwig II..
There are other cases with Items from several of the Bavarian Orders and a display with Jewels from the bavarian Queens. 

 

A ruby and spinell Parure which had belong toe Queen Therese, née Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen

 
A diamond and pearl tiara (Lovers Knot tiara) which wad made around 1835 by Caspar Rieländer for Queen Therese, née Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen. It weas later inherited by her son otto, the first King of Greece and worn by his wife Queen Amalie, n´ßee Duchess of Oldenburg. In 1918 it was transferred from his ionheritance to the Treasur of the Residence.

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