The members of the Ducal Family bear the Titles Prince/Princess of Saxe-Meingen, Duke/Duchess zu Saxony with the style of Highness (HH).
When in 1680 the 7 sons of the late Duke Ernst I. of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg divided their from their father inherited Country his 3 son Bernhard got the former henneberigian offices Meiningen Maßfeld, Wasungen, Sand and Frauenbreitungen, and the Saxon Wettin–offices Salzungen and Alenstein with the Liebenstein. This formed the new Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen which got full sovereignty in the realm federation. With the establishment of a representative castle was begun immediately. The palace was completed in 1692 and was named after the second wife of the Duke Elizabeth Castle. In 1690, the Duke established the court orchestra and in 1692 the park was initially created as a Renaissance garden. The royal household was the financial situation completely inappropriate and so Bernhard slipped stability in the country soon. The sale of goods and a multi-chamber exposure of the public taxes and compulsory labor were the result. But his immense expenditure for his tendency to alchemy and military affairs led to multiple complaints of the stands. Bernhard was highly educated and gave especially topics such as religion and education his attention, where he worked in the administration of the country with General visitations. In foreign policy was Bernard’s government by tensions and armed conflicts, mainly with his brothers, in. Although Bernhard possessed testamentary the indivisibility of the Country there was not a primogeniture. So Bernard sons ruled after his death the land jointly.
- Ernst Ludwig I., succeeded his father as Duke
- Johann Ernst, died as child
- MariaeElisabeth, died as child
- Johann Georg, died as child
- Friedrich Wilhelm, succeeded his nephew, Duke Karl Friedrich as Duke
- Georg Ernst
from the second marriage:
- Elisabeth Ernestine, Abbess of Gandersheim
- Eleonore Friederike, Kanonisse in Gandersheim
- Anton August, died as child
- Wilhelmine Luise, married to Duke Karl of Württemberg-Bernstadt
- Anton Ulrich, succeeded his halfbrother, Duke Friedrich Wilhelm as Duke
Joseph Bernhard, died young
Friedrich August, died as child
Ernst Ludwig II., succeeded his father as Duke
Luise Dorothea, married to Duke Friedrich III. of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Karl Friedrich, succeeded his brother ernst Ludwig as Duke
- Charlotte, married to Duke Ernst II. of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
- Luise, married to Landgrave Adolf of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
- Elisabeth, died as child
- Karl, succeeded his father as Duke
- Friedrich Franz, died as child
- Friedrich Wilhelm, died as child
- Georg. succeeded his brother Karl as Duke
- Amalie, married to Fürst Heinrich Karl Erdmann zu Carolath-Beuthen
Like his brother, he was in frail health all his life and died on 24.12.1803 at the age of 43 years on a “chest fever“.
Adelheid (Adeliade) married to King William IV. of Great Britain and Ireland, King of Hannover etc.
Ida, married to Prince Karl Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Bernhard, who succeeded his father as Duke.
Georg who became in 1866 Duke
Auguste, married to Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg
After Duke Bernhard II. had abdicated under pressure from Otto von Bismarckon 20.09.1866, his only son became reigning Duke as as Duke Georg II. In 1867 he took over command of the 2nd Thuringian Infantry Regiment. 32, which had its location in the Meininger main barracks. In 1871 Duke Georg II. together with his eldest son and Hereditary Prince Bernhard he participated in the German–French War and in part also at the imperial proclamation in Versailles on 18.01.1871. Limited sovereignty remained for the Duke even after the formation of the German Empire. The Empire first positive judgmental, but it came in 1889 to the break between George II., and the Emperor Wilhelm II. Because the liberal and humanistic principles of George II. did not agree with the conservative, chauvinist policy of the Hohenzollern Emperor. Georg II. advocated a liberal, parliamentary and pro-British monarchy, which included the integration of the newly formed Social Democratic Party in state politics. Under the reign of Duke Georg II. a liberalization policy took place, the legal system and society, and reforms in the school system there were still carried out (primary school law and school health care from 1875), the electoral system and in administration (Municipalities Act 1897). George II also was for the equality of women in educational and academic professions a. His work as reigning Duke is thus as high as assess his achievements in culture and art. Famous is Georg II. for his work for the theater and in particular with the reorganization of the Meiningen Court Theatre and the Meininger Theater group. He introduced himself directed, designed costumes and went with his reforms of director’s theater, the so-called Meininger principles in the culture history. Together with his third wife, the actress Ellen Franz, later Baroness Helene von Heldburg and director Ludwig Chronegk he led the “Meininger” to international fame with performances in Berlin, Vienna, Moscow, London and in many other European cities. Through these tours, which were carried out until 1890, his ideas of the modern director’s theater spread quickly on the stages of Europe. Meiningen is still regarded as a theater town. Under Georg II., the Meininger Court Orchestra became world-famous. The construction was started by the dedication of Hans von Bülow in 1880, who wrote here the “Meininger principles” of the orchestral work and the chapel formed into an elite orchestra, which was maintained under the leadership of other known conductor its high quality and 1914. A close friend of Georg II. Has worked in the last years, Johannes Brahms, who was often in the ducal house guest and with the court orchestra. The Duke entertained more numerous relationships with painters, sculptors, actors, musicians and scientists whose work he promoted and supported. Many artists and intellectuals were with him as a guest in the residence Meiningen, at Castle Old stone castle Veste hero, the Berghaus Salet Alp and in particular in the Villa Carlotta. George II was. Thus also a patron of art and culture not only in the duchy, but also beyond. He was extremely popular with his people through his humanistic attitude to life and carried out liberal reforms. In a recuperative break in Bad Wildungen Duke Georg II died on 25.06.1914 at the age of 88 years.
Bernhard, who succeeded his father as Duke
Georg Albrecht, died as child
Ernst, he succeeded his halbrother Duke Bernhard III. as Head of the Ducal House
Friedrich, married to Countess Adleheid zur Lippe-Biesterfeld
- Feodora, married to Grand Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
- Adelheid, married to Prince Adalbert of Prussia
- Georg, he succeeded his uncle, Prince Ernst as head of the Ducal House
- Ernstm, fallen in the First World War
- Luise, married to Baron Götz of Wangenheim
- Bernhard, he succeeded his brother, Duke Georg as Head of the Ducal House
Viktor, died as child
Duke Bernahrd III. and Duchess Charlotte had one daughter
- Feodora, married to Prince Heinrich XXX. Reuß zu Köstritz
As Duke Bernhard III. had no male issue the Headship of the Ducal House went to his half-brother Ernst. Prince Ernst was a painter and artist. From 1884 studied during his military service, which he finished in 1885 as an officer à la suite, painting in Munich. From that time began his career as an artist, where he met in Meiningen, Munich, Bremen and in the Netherlands with many known artists of that time, that list included a teacher Franz von Lenbach, Adolf von Hildebrand and Arthur Fitger. In 1885 Ernst had his own studio in Munich and in 1888 he created his first portraits. He frequented artistic circles in Munich and with his brother Bernard as a brother of Wilhelm II. In imperial circles. 1890, Ernst with his father and his wife Helene trips to Greece and Constantinople Opel. On 20.09.1892, he married KatharinaJensen, daughter of the writer Wilhelm Jensen who was raised by Duke and Georg II. to the status of a “Baroness von Saalfeld“, and then moved with her to Florence in the vicinity of his mentor Adolf von Hildebrandt to. By 1914, followed Ernst’s most productive phase as an artist. He traveled widely and in many places created portraits and murals. During World War I, Prince Ernst reported for use on the front and he enlisted as a lieutenant colonel on 09.08.1914 with the Meininger second Thuringian Infantry Regiment. 32 à la suite at the Western Front. In 1915 he was in command of the 2 hunters Regiment to the Alpine Corps reassigned to Tyrol. Meanwhile promoted to colonel, his regiment was transferred early 1916 to Verdun. In August of the same year, he became the 43rd Infantry Brigade and on 01.11. 1918, the 22nd Infantry Brigade. Throughout the war his artistic activity rested almost entirely. In the War he lost his sons Ernst (1915) and George (1916). After his brother Bernhard III. had abdicated on 10.11.1918 as the reigning Duke Ernst also signed as heir to the throne on 12.11.1918 the renuciation to the Throne provided by the Meininger Diet. Prince Ernst settled yet in 1918 with his family from the troubled Munich soviet republic after Haubinda in the local school camp of his friend Hermann Lietz order. Together with Adolf von Hildebrand and the architect Karl Behlert he designed in 1920 the Burial Place for the Duke George II., and Baroness Helene of Heldburg on the Park Cemetery in Meiningen. In 1921 he moved into his own newly built house in Haubinda. Initially worked as an art teacher at the school camp, he began again in 1922 with the painting. Next he was only a substitute, in place of his ailing brother, entirely responsible after his death for the management and disposal of the ducal estate, for inheritance matters and as a representative of the House of Saxe–Meiningen. Ernst died in 1941 at Schloss Altenstein which his widow sold the following year to the State of Thuringia.
From his marriage he had 5 sons and 1 daughter but they had no succession rights.
Therefore the new Head of the Ducal House became his nephew Georg. Georg had broken up his studes to serve in the First Wold War and had seen Action as a Captain in a cavaltry Regiment. After the war he resumed his law studies and for a time served as a substitute judge for the town of Hildburghausen in the Free State of Thuringia. On 01.05.1933 he joined the Nazis, becoming NSDAP member 2.594.794. He and his family were expropriated without compensation in 1945, he died in 1946 in Soviet captivity in North West Russia. His wife and his children flow to West-Germany.
On 22.02.1919 Duke Georg had married Countess Klara-Marie of Korff, called Schmissing-Kerssenbrock. Thay had four children:
- Anton Ulrich, fallen in 1940
- Friedrich Alfred, he rennounced the succesion rights, allowing to pass it to his uncle. From 1953 he became a carthusian Monk
- Marie Elisabeth, died as child
- Regina, married to Archduke Otto of Austria, former Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary
After the death of his Duke Georg in 1946 his only survigin son Prince Friedrich Alfred renounced his succession rights and so Georg’s brother Bernhard succeeded to the headship of the house of Saxe-Meiningen and the nominal title of Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Bernhard made in 1931 a not equal marriage to Margot Grössler. This Union ended in divorce in 1947. Bernhard and his first wife were declared guilty of a Nazi conspiracy against Austria in 1933; he was sentenced to six weeks in prison, while she was placed under house arrest.After intervention of the German envoy, he was released from prison, upon which they escaped to Italy . Three weeks later he was arrested while trying to return to his castle of PitzelstaettenIn 1948 Prince Bernahrd made a second marriage to Baroness Schäffer of Bernstein.
pricne Bernahrd had the following children:
From the first marriage:
- Feodora, married to Burkhard Kippenberg
- Friedrich Ernst, married from 1962-1973 to Ehrengard von Massow. Second he married in 1977 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
from the second marriage:
- Marie Alexandra (Marie Alix), she weas married to Benno Widmer
- Friedrich Constantin
From the second marriage:
- Eleonore Adelheid, married to Peter Eric Rosden
- Friedrich Konrad, he succeeded his father as Head of the Ducal House
- Almut married to Eberhard von Braunschweig.
As his first marriage was not equal after the death of Prince Bernhard on 04.10.1984 his second son Prince Friedrick Konrad succeeded him as head of the Ducal House. In 1996, Prince Konrad began legal proceedings against the Russian government seeking the
|HH Prince Konrad|
rehabilitation of property that had been expropriated after World War II by the Soviet Union. Professionally, Prince Konrad is a qualified banker who has worked for various banks as an analyst. Since 1998, he has been an independent advisor specialising in the restructuring of companies, and has also spent time working in the air and car industries. Currently, Prince Konrad is a partner in the Rudolf Döring Law Firm;and since 2007, he has been Managing Director of GWP German Wind Power GmbH. As prince Konrad is unmarried the other male member of the House of Saxe-Meiningen is his nephew Friedrich Constantin, the son of his late half-brother Friedrich Ernst. It is assumed that his nephew will follow him as head of the House in the Case that Prince Konrad will leave no male Issue.