The members of the Grand Ducal Family have the Titles Prince/Princess of Saxe-Weimar-eisenach, Duke/Duchess zu Saxony with the style of Highness (HH). The Grand Duke and their wives and since 1918 the Head of the House have the style of Royal Highness (HRH).
The House of Wettin may in its origin traced back until the second half of the 10th Century. It is thus after the elder Guelfs, probably the only still existing Family of Germany who is detected in the time before the first Millennium properly documented. The other later great dynasties Wittelsbach, Habsburg, Hohenzollern, among others , all appear after the year 1000 in the written tradition. About the earliest known elders of the Wettin family, Dietrich and his son Dedo, is to be read at the chroniclers Thietmar of Merseburg, that the Count Dedo I. was (in the original Daedi comes) was the son of Dietrich (original Thiedrico). Both should have belonged to the tribe of the so-called “Buzici” whose genealogical connection to noble families of the Sorbs in the area of Limes Sorabicus is unexplained and which also were not particularly noteworthy as become defeated, tributary and submissive. Dedo is at a young age a agnatic kin in the limit Sorabicus, the Gaucount Rikdag, who served as a vassal. Diverse considerations have been published in the historical literature about the origin of Dietrich and Dedo de Buzici. A view taken placed in a dissertation from 1886 by Frederick Short and Otto Posse in his genealogy of the House of Wettin relates the tribal name Buzici to a “Buco” or “Buzo” who will be a short form of the name “Burchard” to and identifies the Buzici therefore with the Burcharden followers of the Carolingian since Charlemagne. Two in the Battle of Cape Colonna against the Saracens (13.07.982 ) fallen nobles, Burchard IV in Hassegau and Dedi, are given as the brothers of Dietrich I. and the Hassegaucount Dedi (Teti) who died in the year 957 regarded as their common father. An extension of this interpretation of this latin language text leads Dietrich’s descent down to a 908 fallen against the Hungarians Burchard of Thuringia, Margrave in the limit Sorabicus adjacent to Nordgau (Bavaria) back .A second view of the origin of the House of Wettin, which is represented by Reinhard Wenskus and Stefan Paetzold, the Buzici also leads back to the Leitnamen Burchard and keeps Dietrich for a son of the Swabian duke Burchard III . († 973) should come from the family of the Burchardingers, who spent some time in Saxony to 926 and from a documentary unused first marriage to a Immedingerin called Wieltrud. In support of this Theorie the de Buzici is argued that in the preface of the only in the 13th Century published Sachsenspiegel the House of Wettin is counted among the Swabian sexes. A third origin theory, which is represented in the lexicon of the Middle Ages , Dietrich makes the son of Harzgaucount Volkmar (Folcmar to 945).. This is suggested that the agnatic relatives Rikdag is considered a member of the Harzgaucounts, a clan ,that can be traced back until the 9th Century.
- Balthasar, he received the Landgraviate Thuringia. He leased the mints Weimar and Langensalza (Salza) for penny embossing on these towns and left in 1391 to build the Thuringian mint Sangerhausen. The Meissen groschen of the new mint were the first outside the Landesmünzstätte Freiberg beaten dime. His suceessor became his oldest son Friedrich who is considered to be a relatively weak Regent, who was for a time very dependent on the influence of his wife and her relatives. To finance his lavish court life, he sold over and over again on a larger scale titles and estates. In 1436, he ordered a general expulsion of the Jews from the country county Thuringia. He died in 1440 without descendants.
- Wilhelm I.. he received the March Meissen. Since 1395 he managed as governor of Jobst of Moravia the March Brandenburg. William was one of the most active Wettin princes , worked wisely in the elimination of powers smaller noble lords free inside the March Meissen and in the defense of the Bohemian Luxembourg. He also acquired the dominion Colditz, brought the rich possessions of the viscount of Dohna, which he sold (Dohnaische feud) , per se , and was a great patron of the cathedral of Meissen , whose exemption, he helped push through with success. 1401 he acquired the first three vineyards in the Loessnitz from which for the next nearly 500 years, the Wettin Hofweingut Hoflößnitz arose . In 1404 William founded the Augustinian monastery in Dresden and equipped it with possession. Due to the high expenditure of the Margrave, which were in part by the conquest of the castle Dohna, but the country and its population was impacted to a great extent . In addition to special tax surveys , an increasing deterioration by considerably reducing the silver content of the coins yielded the Wettin Hauptmünzstätte was the inevitable result. It was only in 1412 succeeded Fredrich the Belligerent to stabilize the currency again. William’s first wife was Elizabeth of Moravia, after whose death he married his second wife, Anna of Brunswick. Both marriages were childless, whereupon his heritage zo his nephews Friedrich IV./I., Friedrich II. and Wilhelm II.
- Friedrich II. who succeeded as Elector
- Sigismund, he received in the Division after the death of Elector Friedrich I. Weißenfels, Freiburg at the Unstruth, Jena, Weida, Orlamünde, Saalfeld and Coburg with the frankonian posession. In March 1437 he rennounced on the rule and enter3ed the clergy. he later became Bishop of Würzburg
- Wilhelm III., in the Altenburger division of the Wettin possessions in 1445, he received the Franconian and Thuringian part of the electorate (Landgrave in Thuringia ), while his older brother Friedrich II. retained the Meissen part and especially the electoral dignity . Disputes over the distribution , however, led in 1446 to the Saxon Brother War, who only came to an end with the Peace of Naumbrug on 27.01.1451. Referring to the dispute also led the 1456 coinage of the Electress Margaretha , the wife of his brother , Friedrich II. , in their own mint Colditz , as Wilhelm II. is not on due seigniorage had its share as in the mints Freiberg and Leipzig. Duke Wilhelm II. . rose once successfully objected to the coinage of his sister in law . The first coin was abandoned but resumed soon , however, the Electress was not allowed to appear as Münzfürstin first . Only after the death of Elector Friedrich II. on 07.09.1464 changed the setting of Wilhelm II. to the Electress . He coined from 1465 back into fellowship with his cousins in the mints Freiberg, Gotha, Leipzig, Wittenberg and Zwickau and with the Electoral Princess Margaretha in Colditz. In 1439 Wilhelm II. was betrothed to Anna of Austria , daughter of the later German King Albrecht II . Anna and Wilhelm II. married in 1446 in Jena. He wanted to enforce the acquired this marriage rights of succession to the Duchy of Luxembourg and Bohemia and Hungary, and already occupied the duchy in 1441 . He came into conflict with Philip the Good of Burgundy, who forced him to withdraw after a few skirmishes . After the death of Anna’s brother Ladislaus Postumus in 1457 Wilhelm held the title of Duke of Luxembourg . His claims to Bohemia he had to give to King George of Podiebrad , his daughter Katharina was married to Ladislaus son Henry of Münsterberg. William’s marriage with Anna was without a male heir, William sat Anna on the Eckartsburg caught, where she died in 1462. Then he married in 1463 his mistress Katharina von Brandenstein. To strengthen this not befitting marriage, he bequeathed her family , among other things , the Ranis as a gift. In the Treaty of Eger in 1459 Elector Friedrich II. and Duke Wilhelm II. of Saxony and the King of Bohemia, George of Podiebrads set the border between Bohemia and Saxony fixed at the level of the Ore Mountains and the middle of the Elbe, which is largely valid today. It thus belongs to the oldest , still existing borders in Europe. Wilhelm II. was the last Wettin , under which the Landgraviate of Thuringia was an independent dominion. Since he left no sons, his possessions went to his nephew’s Ernst and Albrecht . His Luxembourg inheritance fell to the Habsburgs. With the death of William the Gotha coin had to go out of business . His mint Weimar he let close already in 1465 , when he was again hit in communion with his relatives coins.
- Ernst therefore got next to the electorate most of the Landgravviate and to one half of the Palatinate Saxony , Vogtland , the Wettin territories Franconias around of Coburg, the southern part of the Pleißen and Easter country (around Altenburg ) , the advocacy of the bishopric of Naumburg and the suzerainty over the Thuringian Count of Reuss , peers and Kirchberg
- Albrecht finally chose the Mark Meissen and was given to the northern part of the Pleißen and Easter country ( ear Leipzig), a strip of territory in the north of Thuringia, the advocacy of the bishopric of Merseburg and the Quedlinburg Abbey , and the suzerainty over some Thuringian counts
Ths line later became the Electoral and from 1806 Royal House of Saxony.
Johann Friedrich II. got Saxe-Coburg and Eisenach and took his residence in Gotha.Through its policy, which was directed to a recovery of the lost 1547 of his father and areas of Elector Title and through his involvement in the Grumbach Handel, Johann Friedrich drew the ire of the Middle Emperor Maximilian II.. The emperor finally imposed the imperial ban on him, the Elector of Saxony was in charge of the imperial execution, in which Johann Wilhelm involved. After a siege of Castle in Gotha Johann Friedrich was finally defeated in 1567 and ran until the end of his life in imperial captivity.
Johann Wilhelm, got Saxe-Weimar
Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach
The Duchy was created by the Erfurt division in 1572, with the were separated in implementing the decisions of the Diet of Speyer of 1570 Coburg and Eisenach from the Duchy of Saxe–Weimar, and the two sons Johann Friedrich II., Johann Casimir and Johann Ernst as owned was passed.
However, since the two princes were minors at the time, the country was first ruled by a Regency, which was performed by Elector August of Saxony. In 1586 the guardianship and the regency was abolished, and Johann Casimir and John Ernest came together to rule the Duchy. However, Johann Ernst retired soon to a hunting lodge in Mark Suhl back and renounced in 1590 for five years all on its participation in the government of the country. After the end of this time, the two brothers agreed on a division of the state. Johann Casimir kept Saxe-Coburg, while Johann Ernst received Saxe-Eisenach. Under Duke Johann Casimir the residence of Coburg had its first cultural heyday with a construction activity. The buildings can be visited to this day. The City Palace was rebuilt in the Renaissance style. The former castle Callenberg was extended to a magnificent hunting lodge; their 1618 inaugurated the first Protestant chapel is a sacred space in the Coburg area. The Veste Coburg fortress was converted into a country, and the arsenal and the government building on the square were rebuilt. The chorus of the Moritz Church adorned Johann Casimir in 1598 in honor of his parents with a twelve meter high alabaster monument with richly sculptured image program that is one of the most beautiful Renaissanceepitaphen in Germany. He also founded the school Casimirianum, the castle library extended to the inherited book inventories and dedicated in 1603 the composer Melchior Franck as court conductor. The royal household consisted partly 213 people and 130 horses. The Tenneberg castle was rebuilt under John Casimir’s reign from 1612 to 1622 into a hunting lodge. In 1593 followed the divorce of Duke Johann Casimir of his first wife for adultery, which he held then captured first in Eisenach until 1596 in the solar field monastery and then until her death in 1613 at the Veste Coburg. On 16.09.1599 he married Margarethe, daughter of Duke Wilhelm of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Politically succeeded Johann Casimir to subdue the kingdom knights of his reign, he assured by this jurisdiction on their country estates. He issued a church order for the Lutheran Church with the Duke as summus episcopus, which was later adopted by many Thuringian States. As own supreme authority of the judiciary and the church he built in Coburg in 1589 a royal court (special court for nobles), a Appellationsrat, a Schöpp chair (Court) and in 1593 a consistory, after they have previously also responsible for Saxony–Weimar, located in Jena were. Above all, he built a core Coburg law an administrative apparatus, which consisted of time long after his death and many political upheavals survived. During the Thirty Years War Duke Johann Casimir succeeded to remain neutral. After his accession to the Swedish alliance was made in 1632 by imperial and Bavarian troops under Wallenstein the occupation of Coburg and unsuccessful siege of the fortress. Duke John Casimir fled in time to Thuringia. During Casimir’s reign had the witch trials and -verbrennungen in Coburg its peak. 178 witch trials he brought. In 1633 Johann Casimir died childless, his inheritance fell to his brother Johann Ernst of Saxe-Eisenach. Duke Johann Ernst reigned until his death in 1638 both countries in Personal-Union. As his 2 marriages remained childless this line became extinct with his death.
Johann Wilhelm was never able to get over this limitation of his territory, he died only a year later exacerbated in Weimar. His successor was his oldest son Friedrich Wilhelm who was still a minor at that time a regency was therefore initially used for the Duchy. In his will, Duke Johann Wilhelm had Elector Ludwig of the Palatinate and Duke Johann Albrecht of Mecklenburg determined as regent. The regency was, however, claimed by the Dowager Duchess Dorothea Susanne, but they could not prevent, be urged in its place, the Saxon Elector Augustus of the Albertine relationship as the next agnate of the Prince in the regency. August could be homage on 08.04.1575 by Altenburger stands and dismissed numerous clergy, including the educator Friedrich Wilhelm Kaspar bee man. As guardian he signed in Friedrich Wilhelm’s name the Formula of Concord of 1577 and the Book of Concord of 1580. 1583 Friedrich Wilhelm I. came of age, but began to rule independently after the death of the Elector August 1586. He issued in 1589 a new police and provincial system and founded the year after the Order against the misuse of God’s name, however, which went down again soon. In 1591 he renewed the privileges and rights of the University of Jena. In 1591 died in Saxony Elector Christian I, whose oldest son Christian II. was also a minor at this time, Friedrich Wilhelm I. was, according to the Testament of Christian I. used as Regent for the Electorate of Saxony. This kept on as “Administrator of the Saxon Electorate” especially in the capital of Saxony Torgau, where he held lavish courtyard. He neglected the business of government in Weimar, led by his younger brother John, who was involved, according to the Ernestine House bill to the government. In Saxony, Friedrich Wilhelm followed the Kryptocalvinismus and let the former Chancellor Nikolaus Krell arrest. Its annual expenditure amounted to 83,000 florins. Only when he had to intervene because of the mismanagement of his relatives in Coburg, he reduced his own spending to 8000 guilders. Friedrich Wilhelm founded a printing plant in Torgau. 1601 ended the regency regency in Saxony with the majority of the Elector Christian II. And Friedrich Wilhelm I returned to Saxony-Weimar but he died already a year later.
As Weimar fell to his younger brother Johann in 1603 the Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg was separated as a independ Duchy from Saxe-Weimar for the sons of Friedrich Wilhelm’s second marriage.The new Duke Johann was more interested in science and art, as in politics, sickly life and therefore became reluctant to the regency of the duchy. His nephew’s Johann Pilipp, Friedrich, Johann Wilhelm and Friedrich Wilhelm II., The 1603 own inheritance demanded, he relented. The anyway small Duchy of Saxe-Weimar was therefore divided again, Altenburg was separated and became an independent duchy for the sons of Friedrich Wilhelm I. While Johann is politically hardly have appeared, but he was in other respects, however, important for the dynasty of Saxony-Weimar. From Johann’s eleven sons reached eight adulthood. Thus Johann had secured the existence of the House of Saxe-Weimar for the future and is the ancestor of all later existing Ernestine lines of the House of Wettin. Duke Johann died in 1605 only three years after his accession. As his oldest son Johann Ernst was still a minor he came under the guardianship of the Elector’s Saxony. In 1615 Duke Johann Ernst took over the reign and the guardianship over his younger brothers. On 24.08.1617 the Fruitful Society was founded at the Weimar Hornstein Castle. Duke Johann Ernst was one of the founding members. From 1620 he served as colonel under the Elector Friedrich V of the Palatinate, the “Winter King”. After its defeat in the Battle of White Mountain on 08.11.1620 Duke Johann Ernst refused to submit unconditionally to the Emperor. Therefore, he resigned as Duke of Saxe-Weimar and handed over the affairs to his brothers. Basically, set against the House of Habsburg, he fought alternately as a Dutch captain or lieutenant general of the Danish cavalry in Westphalia and Lower Saxony. As such, he was at the conquest of Silesia there, and then followed the Count Peter Ernst II. of Mansfeld to Hungary. where he died in 1626 at the age of 32. After his death his younger brother Wilhelm IV. finally assumed the ducal throne. He also his dedicated focus initially on the Protestant side in the Thirty Years’ War and was in 1631 Swedish general governor of Thuringia and in 1632 lieutenant general of the Swedish Army, the second-highest office in the army after the king. Wilhelm IV. hopes, by the war to expand his territory, however remained unfulfilled, he also came after the death of the Swedish king Gustav II. Adolf in increasing opposition to his Chancellor Oxenstierna, who took over the leadership of the Swedish policy after the death of the King. In 1635 he joined therefore the Peace of Prague between the Emperor and the Elector of Saxony; the Thirty Years’ War was thus completed for the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar. However the Thirty Years’ War had for Saxony–Weimar, as for so many other German countries also catastrophic consequences. Although the city of Weimar was largely spared from war, since they were isolated from the major highways and the mercenary armies therefore hardly strayed there. This led, however, to many people fled to Weimar. At times, the city was home to more refugees than locals. The overpopulation led to plague epidemics The rural areas of the Duchy, however, were greatly moved by acts of war affected. After the war the Duke Wilhelm IV. in 1642 performed a “country Visitation”, which revealed the full extent of the damage. Half of all homes and nearly all the livestock were destroyed, two-thirds of agricultural land lay fallow. After the war, the Duke went according to plan on the reconstruction of his country. Already in 1633 he had reformed with the “Appeal Procedure” the administration of the duchy. In 1647 he issued a ducal patent that anyone who rebuilt a devastated by war farm and managed, granted a two-year tax exemption. The reconstruction of the Weimar castle he could finish. In the cultural field, he achieved great things. In 1650 he was head of the fruit-bearing Society, which moved from Köthen to Weimar. During this time there was significant territorial changes. 1638 the dukes of Saxe-Coburg–Eisenach became extinct. Its territory was divided between Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Altenburg, two-thirds fell to the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar. The so enlarged duchy was divided, however, almost immediately again. Wilhelm had initially want to participate his younger brothers in the government of the duchy, but to rid themselves of this obligation in 1640 the duchies of Saxe-Eisenach and Saxe-Gotha were separated for this. However, his brother Albert who got Saxe-Eisenach died already in 1644 without issue, and the Duchy of Saxe–Eisenach was then divided between Weimar and Gotha, so that half of it fell back to Weimar. Duke Wilhelm died in 1662. His youngest brother Ernst got the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha. Duke Wuilhelm IV. was married to Princess Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau. They had the following children
- Wilhelm, died young
- Johann Ernst he succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Weimar
- Johann Wilhelm, died Young
- Adolf Wilhelm, he became in 1672 Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
- Johann Georg I., he succeeded his brother Adolf Wilhelm as Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
- Wilhelmine Eleonore, died young
- Bernhard, he became in 1672 Duke of Saxe-Jena
- Friedrich, died young
- Dorothea Maria, married to Duke Moritz of Saxe-Zeitz
- Anna Dorothea, Abbess of Quedlinburg
- Wilhemine Christine, married to Fürst Christian Wilhelm of Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen
- Eleonore Sophie, married to Duke Philipp of Saxe-Merseburg
- Wilhelm Ernst, succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Weimar
- Johann Ernst, married first to Princess Sophie August of Anhalt-Zerbst. second to Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Homburg
from the first marriage:
- several children who died young
- Ernst August, who succeeded his uncle Duke Wilhelm Ernst as Duke of Saxe-Weimar
from the second marriage:
- several children who died young
- Johann Ernst
After the death of Duke Johann Ernst II. his 2 sons shared the Regency. Because Johann Ernst was an alcoholic, Wilhelm Ernst succeeded relatively quickly: to neutralize him politically, so that he himself was de facto sole ruler. Formally, the brother remained until his death in 1707 co-ruler, then gave his son Ernst Wilhelm Ernst August I. this role – also without him really to participate in power. Wilhelm Ernst married in 1683 his cousin Charlotte Maria of Saxe-Jena, daughter of Duke Bernhard of Saxe-Jena. However, since the marriage remained childless, his nephew Ernst August I became his successor. In 1691, he founded the current Duchess Anna Amalia Library, and a year later he bought the Kromsdorf lock and let it expand. Duke Wilhelm Ernst was characterized by a strict Lutheranism and a bigoted piety. His court was in winter at eight, enacted by nine clock bed rest in the summer, he commanded his soldiers into the service and was then retell them of the content of the sermon. Famous became Wilhelm Ernst especially by his confrontation with Johann Sebastian Bach. The composer worked since 1708 as court organist and concertmaster in Weimar. When the Duke Bach went on the replacement of Hofkapellmeisterstelle, this requested him to resign from the state service. Annoyed by this obstinacy of the musician, Wilhelm Ernst Bach was four weeks throw in imprisonment before he directed him in favor of the country. This process led to Wilhelm Ernst awarded a place as authoritarian Kunstbanause in all Bach biographies. During the reign of Wilhelm Ernst the Duchy enlarged because in 1690 the Ernestine branch line Sachsen–Jena became extinct and Wilhelm Ernst therefore inherited parts of that Duchy. After his death in 1728 his nephew Duke Ernst August I. began to ecercise de facto began the government of Saxony–Weimar. Ernst August I was a magnificent Baroque-loving ruler who drove his country through his escapades in financial ruin. He was notorious for detaining former confidant of the court, on whose property he had his eye, without any reason and they only release them when the Duke overwritten their assets or high ransoms were paid. A number of his victims, this behavior but did not like it and complained when Reichshofrat in Vienna and the Imperial Chamber Court in Wetzlar against the Duke. It may serve as a sign of how great it Ernst August I drove, that he lost all brought against it processes. The process lasted for years and contributed to the financial ruin of the Duchy at. The Duke maintained a standing army whose size was grossly disproportionate to the population of this small country and its financial resources. The soldiers were rented to the Electorate of Saxony or the Emperor. His building mania, the further plunged the country into the financial abyss, while leaving behind gems like Castle Belvedere in Weimar and the rococo castle in thorns castle, but many other projects had the character Potemkin villages and fell into disrepair after its construction quickly. The passion for hunting, he was also in abundance out at his death he bequeathed 1,100 dogs and 373 horses. The Duke maintained a veritable harem, where he had two noble “maids of honor” and three bourgeois “maids” to services. Since 1716 Duke Ernst Augustr I. was married to Princess Eleonore Wilhelmina of Anhalt–Köthen. To the Wedding which was held at Nienburg (Saale) took with his band including Johann Sebastian Bach, and it was here where the composer met the brother of the bride, his future master Leopold of Anhalt–Köthen. After the death of his first wife married Ernst August I. initially not again, but gave himself up to his maids of honor and chambermaids. It was not until 1732, when his son the Hereditary Prince Johann Wilhelm died, that the Duke went again looking for a wife, because he had to witness a new son in order to preserve the dynasty from extinction. In 1734 he eventually married Sophia Charlotte Albertina, a born Princess of Brandenburg–Bayreuth. 1737 then came the Hereditary Prince Ernst August Constantin to the world. When in 1741 Duke Wilhelm of Saxe-Eisenach died without leaving male Issue Eisenach fell to Saxe-Weimar.
- Friedrich, he received the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
- Albrecht, he received the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg. he recievied in the Division also the next town and Office of Coburg, the court Unterrodach, office and city Neustadt, court and city Sonnenberg monastery Mönchröden, Office Sonnenfeld and office management Neuhaus. Albrecht resided in the Coburg Castle Ehrenburg, which he built again as new baroque palace complex after a fire in 1690.  The year before Albrecht was involved in the conquest of the French-occupied city of Mainz and the fortress of Bonn. After the death of his elder brother Frederick I of Saxe-Gotha in 1691, Albrecht was a senior Ernestine House of the Office Oldisleben. Albrecht was considered musically gifted and especially his first wife, daughter of the founder of the famous library, had a significant influence on him. After Duke Albrechts death without male Issue in 1699 follow a dispute erupted among his brothers, or their descendants, which the youngest brother Johann Ernst finally in 1714 could largely decide for himself.
- Bernhard, he received the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
- Heinrich, he received the Duchy of Saxe-Römhild. Duke Heinrich moved on 16.11.1680 with his young wife Marie Elisabeth, née Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt in Römhild and resided in the castle, which he called “Glücksburg” and rebuilt according to his ideas and let set. Duke Heinrich unfolded elsewhere brisk construction activity. Under his rule, among other things, the castle church, a public exchange and customs house, four Kavalierhäuser of the Court nobility, a riding school, a racecourse and the orangery originated. The magnificent structures were the cave house and the pleasure palace in Mertzelbach, built according to plans by the royal sculptor Lux, who also created the high altar in the Stiftskirchg. Many of these buildings no longer exist, but are in the self-published work he described in detail “The prince’s desire to build the Duke Heinrich of Saxony–Römhild”. The book is one of the few remaining,-written accounts of ephemeral architecture. Heinrichwas also the Bürgersee dry up and turn it into a pleasure garden and equipped the city church with a Baroque high altar, a magnificent royal box and a new organ. The versed in mechanics, architecture and mathematics Heinrich maintained at Glücksburg Castle a princely library, which he constantly expanded and came after his death to the Duke of Saxe-Gotha. From 1691 to 1693 he had performed with his brother Bernard, for the Duke Friedrich II. the regency in Saxe–Gotha. The luxurious court life and the representative royal household of the Duke helped the small country town Römhild to economic prosperity and cultural flowering. The costs exceeded the financial strength of Duke by far. As the popular ruler died unexpectedly in 1710, he left considerable debts. In his last four years he was the senior of the ernestinian line of the House Wettin. After he died on 13.05.1710 without Issue Saxe-Römhild was divided under Saxe.Gotha-Altenburg, Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Hildburghausen and Saxe-Saalfeld.
- Christian, he received the Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg. In the Division he also got the offices Ronneburg, Eisenberg, Roda and Camburg. By his exaggerated Hofhaltung the country began to borrow quickly. In his later years he was facing the alchemy and are believed to be in connection with spirits. Christian stood with many scholars of his time in correspondence with them what he had created a post in Eisenberg. He promoted the education (establishment of a lyceum, the later Christian High School) and set up a mint. The city Eisenberg he provided at his own expense with spring water through leaden pipes, which he had made himself in his laboratory.
He died with significant debts and like brothers Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Heinrich of Saxony–Römhild without heirs. Shortly before his death, he had adopted his subjects to three years any taxes.
- Ernst, he received the Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen
- Johann Ernst, he received the Duchy of Saxe-Saalfeld
- Anna Sophie, married to Fürst Ludwig Friedrich I. of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
- Magdalene Sibylle, died young
- Dorothea Maria, married to Duke Ernst Ludwig I. of Saxe-Meiningen
- Friederike, married to Fürst Johann August of Anhalt-Zerbst
- Freidrich, who succeeded him as a Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
- Johann Wilhelm
- Elisabeth, died young
- Johanna, married to Duke Adolf Friedrich II. of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
- Sophie, died young
- Friedrich III., succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
- Wilhelm, married to Princess Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
- Karl Friedrich, died young
- Johann August, married to Countess Louise Reuß zu Schleiz
- Christian, died young
- Christian Wilhelm, married to Countess Luise Reuß zu Schleiz
- Ludwig Ernst
- Emanuel. died young
- Moritz, Regent in Saxe-Eisenach
- Sophie, died young
- Karl, died young
- Friederike, married to Duke Johann Adolf II. of Saxe-Weißenfels
- Magdalene Sibylle, died young
- Augusta, married to Prince Frederick Louis of Great Britain, Prince of Wales etc.
- Johann Adolf
From 1747 Friedrich III. let build the Gotha orangery in the French style by Weimar builder Gottfried Heinrich Krohne. He issued numerous orders of the Church concerning nature and supported the Moravian Church in Neudietendorf, which had been founded there in 1742. Under Frederick’s government remained his country the most powerful in the small Thuringian States and his court became a center of the Enlightenment. But the latter is mainly due to its brilliant, far intellectually superior to him wife. Duke Friedrich III. was married to Prince Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meingen, a daughter of Duke Ernst Ludwig I.
- Friedrich Ludwig, died as young adult
- Ludwig, died young
- Friederike Luise
- Ernst II. succeeded his father as Duke
- Sophie, died young
Under Duke Ernst II. the Gotha mint had to cease operations. The enormous volume of Thuringian coinage and the accrued foreign money as a result of misguided monetary policy of his father was a major reason for the shut-down of its mint from 1776 to 1828, The old mint building was torn down in 1799 by the Duke.
- Ernst, died young
- August, succeeded his father as Duke
- Friedrich IV., succeeded his brother Duke August as Duke
- Ludwig, died young
- Luise, married to Duke Ernst I. of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, who became because of this marriage in 1826 Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The marriage was later divorced and Luise remarried to Baron Alexander of Hanstein, Count of Pölzig and Beiersdorf.
Friiedrich IV. had a strong interest in Egypt and the Orient; he was the main promoter of the Orient Travel by Ulrich Jasper Seetzen. His collected in Italy works of art and antiquities are now part of the collections of Castle Friedenstein. In his last years he had almost completely lost his ability to speak and was only by gestures in a position to give himself to his environment. All religious questions the country was responsible, because of his change of faith, Frederick Ministry. During the reign of Friedrich IV., The royal household, the Page Institute and the Life Guards were disbanded.
Only three years after his accession to the throne died Duke Friedrich IV. on 11.02.1825 childless. Because he had been denied an appropriate appanage, he had never married. With him, the House of Saxe–Gotha–Altenburg became extinct. The territory fell to the othjer Ernestine Houses and went partly to the newly created Duchy of Saxe–Coburg and Gotha
Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach
With the death of Wilhelm Heinrich therefore the family of the Dukes of Saxe-Eisenach became extinct in the male line and the Principality fell as an inheritance to Saxe-Weimar
Duchy of Saxe-Jena
When in 1672 with the death of Duke Friedrich Wilhelm III. of Saxe-Altenburg this line of the Family became extinct Duke Erst I. of Saxe-Gotha was the heir but he agreed with his nephews from the line Weimar to the assignment of certain offices, revenues and rights of the heir and his own possession against waiver of any possible further Claims. Therefore the new posessions where dived under the sons of Duke Wilhelm of Saxe-Weimar and his youngest got Saxe-Jena. He however reigned for only 6 years. Because his only son Johann Wilhelm was only 3 years old for him first his uncle Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar led in accordance with the testamentary instructions of his father as Guardian the government where he died 1683 took over Johann Georg I of Saxe–Eisenach this office, as this in 1686, also died, the office fell to Wilhelm Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. Duke Johann Wilhelm died before reaching the age of majority and has therefore never ruled themselves. With his death the line of the Dukes of Saxe-Jena was extinct, so the duchy reverted to Sachsen–Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach
Wilhelm Ernst died young
Johann Wilhelm, died young
Charlotte Agnesa, died young
Johanna Eleobnora, died young
Ernestine Albertine, married to Count Ernst II. zu Schaumburg-Lippe
Bernhardine Christiane Sophie, married to Fürst Johann Friedrich of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Emanuel Friedrich, died young
Karl August, died young
Ernst August II., succeeded his father as Duke
Ernestine Auguste Sophie, married to Duke Ernst Friedrich III. Carl of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Ernst Adolf, died young
Because his oldest son Duke Carl August was still a minor the long and blessed regency of the Duchess Anna Amalia began., which laid the foundation for the Weimar Classics. Under his wise, open-minded and art-loving mother of the education of the young Duke was in different hands, last in which the poet Christoph Martin Wieland, whom Duchess Anna Amalia brought from the University of Erfurt to Weimar. Under the supervision of his tutor John Eustace of Goertz took Carl August 1774 an educational trip to France and met with Melchior Grimm. On the return trip he visited the court in Darmstadt, where he became engaged to the Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt. Then the trip to Frankfurt was interrupted because the Duke wanted to meet the famous poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe, whom he invited to Weimar. With his 18th birthday the following year he was declared of age and married Luise on 03.10.1775 in Karlsruhe. In February 1783 the Hereditary Prince Karl Friedrich was born. Goethe fulfilled his promise and arrived in Weimar on 07.11.,1775. Between him and the young Duke soon a deep friendship developed with the elder by eight years poet presented his experience of life in the service of Carl August. The Duke gave him high government offices and obtained in 1782 for Goethe an imperial nobility. On 05.02.1782, he was in the Lodge Amalia in Weimar Masonic and in December of the same year under the name “a Falcone albo” Knights of Strict Observance. In his efforts towards the dormant since 1782 Weimar lodge was reopened in 1808. On 10.02.1783, he joined the Illuminati with the name “Aeschylus” and got into him until the “regent” on. The prussian King Friedrich II. made him onm 19.01.1786 a Kinght of Otrder of the Black Eagle. For the enterprising young Duke the operation in his small country was not enough. With the attempt to establish a federal prince as a counterweight to the Austro-Prussian dualism he went into the imperial policy, but had little success. At the Prussian invasion of Holland he took in 1787 as a trainee in the company of Prussian commander in chief, the Duke Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand part. He entered the Prussian service, was major general of cavalry, and on 16.12.1787 Chief of cuirassiers “pipe” no. 6th From the 1789 revolution erupted in France the Austrian Netherlands were first detected (Brabant Revolution), but also Hungary was after the death of Emperor Joseph II., 1790 on the brink of open rebellion against Austrian rule. A group of disgruntled Hungarian nobleman offered Karl August, the Crown of St. Stephen, which, however, to accept him Goethe successfully discouraged. With his regiment, Carl August took part in the campaign against France from June 1792 to December 1793. During the subsequent retreat he led the vanguard. For this he received on 11.01.1794 to the rank of lieutenant general. However, he resigned due to disagreements with Friedrich Wilhelm II. from the army. Only after the accession of Friedrich Wilhelm III. returned Carl August back in the Prussian service, and was appointed on 21.08.1798 Inspector-General of Cavalry Magdeburg inspection. On 20.05.1802 this was followed by his promotion to General of Cavalry. During the Fourth Coalition War he commanded in October 1806, the vanguard of the main Prussian army. After the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt, the looting Weimar was one of the immediate consequences of the French, he was lucky to in December 1806 with the resignation of his command and the entry into the Confederation of the Rhine a deposition by Napoleon Bonaparte . escape After the break, Carl August had to fight against Prussia his soldiers before Kolberg. After the Battle of Leipzig Carl August went to the headquarters of the coalition against Napoleon to Frankfurt am Main and got here on 24.11.1813 the command of the III. German army corps. This was part of the Northern Army and consisted of about 24,000 troops of the line and 20,000 man militia. In mid-January 1814, he was with his corps in Holland, where Carl August took over the supreme command in the Netherlands and from there marched in Brussels on 07.02.1814. End of March besieged Carl–August with his troops unsuccessfully Maubeuge. By the advent of coalition troops in Paris, it came on 09.04.1814, a cease-fire and Karl–August announced on April 20, 1814 the command from. In recognition of his many years of service to the King of Prussia appointed him on 15.09.1822 Chief of the 8th Cuirassier Regiment.
During the Congress of Vienne in 1815 Saxe-Weimar.Eisenach was raised to the rank of a Grand Duchy and Carl August therefore became the first Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. In 1815 He prevented not the establishing the German students (Burschenschaften) in Jena. As the first German state Saxe-Weimar–Eisenach in 1816 received a landesständische Constitution, which granted freedom of the press and freedom of expression, among others his subjects. Subsequently, he was a supporter of constitutional monarchy. In 1817 he did not celebrate the Wartburg festival without hesitation the Jena students. However, the Carlsbad Decrees in 1819 also affected the liberal policy of Charles Augustus and forced him to be careful. Politically the Grand Duke held to the old ties with Russia and Prussia. Grand Duke Carl August died on 14.06,.1828.
From his marriage to Princess Luise of Hesse-Darmsadt he had the following children:
- Luise Auguste Amalie, died young
- daughter, died young
- Carl Friedrich, who succeded him as Grand Duke
- son, died young
- Karoline, Luise married to Hereditary Grand Duke Friedrich Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
- son, died young
- Karl Bernhard, married to Pricness Ida of Saxe-Meiningen
- Wilhelm, died young
- Amalie, died young
- Eduard, made a morgantic marriage to Lady Augusta Gordon-Lennox, who was created Countess of Dornburg, In the UK however where the couple lived Queen Victoria recognized her as Princess Eduard of Saxe-Weimar
- Hermann, married to Princess Auguste of Württemberg
- Pauline, married to Hereditary Grand Duke Carl Alexander of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
- Wilhelm, married to Princess Gerta zu Isenburg and Büdingen in Wächtersbach
- Hermann, renounced his rigth and was created Count of Ostheim in 1909. He made three morgantic marriages. First from 1909-1911 to Wanda Paola Lotter, second to Aagot Midling and third to Isavel Nielson
from the second marriage:
- Alexander, Count of Ostheim
- Albert, fallen in 1918 in France
- Hermann, renounced his rigth and was created Count of Ostheim in 1909. He made three morgantic marriages. First from 1909-1911 to Wanda Paola Lotter, second to Aagot Midling and third to Isavel Nielson
- Bernhard, renounced his rights and was created Count of Crayenburg in 1901, married first to marie Luise Brockmüller, after her death he married Countess Elisabeth vond er Schulenberg
- Olga, married to Prince Leopold zu Isenburg and Büdingen in Birstein
- Gustav, he made a morganatic marriage to Pierina Marocchia di Marcaini who was created Baroness of Neiperg
- Amalie, married to Prince Hendrik of the Netherlands
The successor of Grand Duke Carl August was his oldest son Carl Friedrich who was the firm favourite of his mother. After completing his training, for which Johann Gottfried Herder was responsible, the he went on his grand tour which brought him to France and Russia. On 03.08.1804 he married in St. Petersburg, the Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovnaof Russia, one of the daughter’s of the Russian Tsar Paul I. His time as Heir spent Carl Friedrich partly in Weimar, partly in St. Petersburg. After his father’s death he became Grand Duke in 1828. The principles of management Carl Friedrich continued his father’s policy, however, limited the court a considerable. Under the influence of his wife emerged from 1821 the first savings banks in the duchy as well as numerous charities. Carl Friedrich promoted agriculture, trade and industry, joined in 1834 the German Zollverein in and joined with other Thuringian duchies and Prussia signed a contract for the construction of the Thuringian Railway of Halle (Saale) about Weimar to Eisenach. In the aftermath of the civil movement of 1848, the Constitution of 1816 was further liberalized. In the days of March 1848, there came to the castle to riots because the people demanded liberal ministers. Ernst Christian August von Gersdorff had to be dismissed, and the following Cabinet adopted numerous regulations that restricted the rights of the Grand Duke.
Carl Friedrich was completely in the shadow of his father. Although he was more economical than this, but he had no sense of the trends of the new age. The initiatives for cultural fresh start almost always went out of his highly talented wife.
Grand Duke Carl Friedrich and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna had the following children:
- Carl, died as child
- Marie, married to Prince Carl of Prussia
- Augusta married to Wilhelm I., German emperor and King of Prussia
- Carl Alexander, who succeeded his father as Grand Duke
Grand Duke Carl Friedrich died on 08.07.1853. His successor was his only son Carl Alexander. Carl Alexander had got an careful training by the respected Swiss tutor, Frédéric Soret. A special talent was granted to him in the acquisition of foreign languages. In 1835 two-year studies (law, history and natural sciences) at the universities of Leipzig and Jena as well as military training followed the private lessons. In 1841 he finished his studies as Dr. jur. in Jena. Carl Alexander married on 08.10.1842 in The Hague, his cousin Princess Sophie of the Netherlands, daughter of King Willem II. Netherlands and his wife Anna Pavlovna, a sister of his mother. With his more liberal views Carl Alexander was in aristocratic circles a nerd, good contacts with many political journalists and writers of the 48s like him mind protected from possible domestic political issues. In this revolutionary period Weimar was the safe haven of refuge for persecuted liberal artist. In 1851 he took over the protectorate of the Weimar Masonic Lodge. Although Carl Alexander was a friend of Fanny Lewald and Hans Christian Andersen, he resigned as Grand Duke in 1849 under the Paulskirchenverfassung in the war against Denmark in favor of the acquisition of Schleswig–Holstein, a (first German–Danish War). On 08.07.1853 he became Grand Duke – with constitutionalaccession to the throne at Goethe’s Birthday on 28.08.1853. Carl Alexander began as early as 1838 significant funding for the renewal of the Wartburg, leaving in many places of the town of Eisenach, his tracks. He promoted Franz Liszt and Richard Wagner (in Eisenach an important Richard–Wagner–collection is in the home Fritz Reuter), preserved the tradition of Weimar Classicism and gave the Weimar Oldtown their appearance with the erection of monuments Herder, Wieland and 1857 of Goethe -Schiller monument. In 1860 he founded the Grand Ducal School of Arts Weimar (with Arnold Böcklin, Franz von Lenbachplatz and the sculptor Reinhold Bega). Landscape painting made the Thuringian countryside aware that history painting was the realization historical events at the Wartburg and the genre painting of the representation of the people in his daily environment. It followed the 1872 establishment of the Weimar School of Music, 1886, the partial transformation of the Goethe House and Goethe–opening of the archives in 1887 and finally in 1889 the creation of the Carl–Alexander Library in Eisenach. In the German–French War 1870-1871 Carl Alexander took only in “Samaritan services” part, but stressed life his entry into the war in favor of Schleswig 1849, The Grand Duke took part, along with his son Karl August, at the imperial proclamation in Versailles on 18.01.1871. His with the Weimar Congress of the Goethe–Federal (Lex Heinze) November 1900 ending reign is known as the Silver Age of Weimar.
Grand Duke Carl August and his wife wife had four children
- Karl August, married to Princess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
- Wilhelm Ernst, succeeded his grandfather as Grand Duke
- Bernhard Heinrich
- Marie Alexandrine, married to Prince Heinrich VII. Reuß of Köstritz
- Anna, died young
- Elisabeth, married to Duke Johann Albrecht zu Mecklenburg
Grand Duke Carl Alexander died on 05.01.1901. As his only son the Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August had already died in 1894 from tubercolsis his grandson Wilhelm Ernst succeeded him. As Heir of the assets of his grandmother Sophie, Wilhelm Ernst was one of the richest German Prince’s of his time. First was from 1881 to 1889 Karl Muthesius, later seminar director in Weimar, been obliged for schooing him. Then he came into the care of the senior teacher Karl Georg Brandis, then from 1902 to 1926 led the University Library in Jena. For the military education was from 1886 to 1895 Captain Max von Griesheim responsible. After his military training Wilhelm Ernst was Gerneral of the Infanterie. His significant funds Wilhelm Ernst flow to a large extent in the promotion of culture. Although the Grand Duke was described as amusisch and “the Prussian officer out sweeping“, he created so the new Weimar. Hans Olde, Harry Graf Kessler, Henry van de Velde and Adolf Brütt were called to Weimar. The Grand Duke renewed the University of Jena by Theodor Fischer in Munich and the Weimar theater by then known as the innovator of the theater art Max Littmann from Munich. The publisher Eugen Diederichs moved to Jena, the writer Johannes sleep after Weimar. Later Wilhelm Ernst promoted more and more the conservative Prussian forces, so that Weimar soon became a center of ethnic–nationalist conceptions of art, as reflected in the fact that Gerhart Hauptmann and August Strindberg dared contained solely in the Court Theatre Jena, while the historical dramas Ernst von Wild break were celebrated in the Weimar residence. The sociologist Max Weber called Wilhelm Ernst therefore as “a mockery of this place“. Wilhelm Ernst was considered a complicated personality; violent and short-tempered. Count Kessler, the Wilhelm Ernst blamed his failure in the radical views of art, described him as “pathological object“,  Baroness von Spitzemberg as “completely uneducated and foolish prince“. Particularly disliked the Prince was in the Netherlands, where he was regarded as presumptive heir to the throne temporarily as there was no other until in 1909 Queen Wilhelmina gave birth to her only daughter Juliana. However in 1922 the suceession was limited to descendants of Queen Wilhelmina. One of the last acts of Grand Duke Wilhelm Ernst at the time of the November Revolution of 1918 was the appointment of Walter Gropius. The Soldiers under the leadership of the Social Democrats August Baudert forced the Grand Duke on 09.11.1918 to abdicate. Baudert had Wilhelm Ernst as “most hated” prince in Germany called. However, Wilhelm Ernst awarded the opportunity to give the government responsibility in it deems appropriate hands. Shortly before were citizens of Weimar approached the Grand Duke with the suggestion to do everything possible to prevent the parliamentary system. Shortly before his abdication noticed Wilhelm Ernst. “I had done everything I could. I had currently much good. ” Wilhelm Ernst drew on his own private property HeinrichauCcastle in Silesia, where he lived until his death; in the local park contains his grave. In the confrontation between contract Wilhelm Ernst and the “Weimar area” of November 1921, regulated, among other things, the mandrel Castle of the Goethe Society to assign them as a gift.
Grand Duke Wilhelm Ernst married twieve. first he married in 1903 Princess karolie Reuß older line. The marriages which was counted as unhappy remained childless and the young Grand Duchess died already in 1905. In 1910 he made a second marriage to Princess Feodoria of Saxe-Meiningen.
With her he had 4 children
- Sophie, married in 1938 Prine Friedrich Günther of Schwarzburg. The marriage was divorced in the same year
- Carl August, who succeeded his father as head of the Grand Ducal House
- Bernhard, married (divorced) to Pricness Felizitas of Salm-Horstmar
- Katharina, married (divorced to Prince Emanuel Joseph of Hohenzollern
- Alexander Georg, died as child
- Wilhelm Ernst, married (divorced) to Eva Katharina Kovarcz de Kovarczfalva
- Désirée, married to Count Raphael of Hoenbroech
- Georg Wilhelm, he renounced in 1953 his right and took the name Jörg Brena, married to Gisela Jänisch
- Ariane Brena
- Cornelia Brena
- Isobel Brena
After the death of Grand Duke Wilhelm Ernst hid oldest son Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August succeeded him as head of the Grand Ducal House. On 04.10.1944, he married Baroness Elisabeth of Wangenheim–Winterstein, daughter of the Royal. Prussian Chamber Lord Othmar Freiherr von Wangenheim. The couple lived at the Wartburg castle and later on Good Behringen. Karl August was an officer in the army and served in a tank regiment. In June 1945 he fled with his family to West Germany just before the Red Army replaced the U.S. occupation in Thuringia. After the Grand Ducal family had fled after the Second World War in the Western occupation zones, whose property was confiscated in the Soviet occupation zone. As Agents of the family the Grand Duchess Feodora waived by signature on the Goethe–Schiller Archive under the condition that it be converted into a private foundation, and the family fortune would be released. The dispute over the archive between the family and the state of Thuringia still holds goes on. Herediatry Grand Duke Karl August died on 14.10.1988 in Schienen at Lake Constance, without ever being returning to his homecountry.
With his wife he had 3 children
- Elisabeth, married (divorced) to Mindert Diderik de Kant
- Michael, who succeeded his father as Head of the Grand Ducal House
- Beatrice, married to Martin Charles Davidson
|HH Princes Leonie, HRH Priince Michael and
HRH Princess Dagmar
After the death of Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August his only son M ichael succeeded him as Head of the Grand Ducal House. He had grown up in Weikersheim and later in Tübingen, Stuttgart and Freiburg. He attended the Schule Schloss Salem in 1966 and was there a high school. He then studied law in Freiburg and Kiel. The Thuringian State Government had the members of the House of Saxe–Weimar–Eisenach in 1948, during the Soviet occupation, deprived of civil rights, to the against the recourse to ordinary courts against the breach of the treaty with the House of Saxe–Weimar–Eisenach in 1921 and Thuringian State Constitution to protect. In the late 1990s sought Prince Michael the part of the legacy of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller, who was privately owned until 1918 his father back. He based his claims with the prevailing legal situation (the Property Act / EALG). Likewise in conversation were real estate and movable art goods that belonged objects according to the Unification Treaty of 1921 as private property his father Carl-August. With amicable settlement of Saxe–Weimar–Eisenach in 2004 transferred all claims for return of estate values after EALG on the state of Thuringia. The waiver immensely valuable cultural assets was (AsKI) were honored on September 20, 2005 by the award ceremony of the Maecenas of the Working Group of Independent Cultural Institute e. V. in the Bundesrat. Prince Michael is politically very interested, especially in the cultural development in Thuringia and especially in Weimar and at the Wartburg. He has a home and a business in Thuringia and has here over larger forest holdings. He feels particularly obligated according to the tradition of his house, the care of the home and landscape. He stands the landscape changes caused by wind turbines and overhead power lines very skeptical, as he sees a threat to the industrial location Germany by the “energy revolution”. Prince Michael is an active Board of Trustees closely with the development of classical Foundation Weimar and connected with the Wartburg–Stiftung, Eisenach, which was founded in 1921 by his grandfather and for which he himself, hired as Trustees and Advisory Board Chairman of the Wartburg–farms whose construction he closely monitored since 1990. Prince of Saxe-Weimar–Eisenach, Thuringia is active and connected closely and through its membership in advisory boards and associations.
Pricne Michael married om 09.06.1970 Renate Henkel. The childess marriage was however divorced four years later in 1974. On 15.11.1980 he married in second marriage Dagmar Hennings. They have on daughter. As in the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach the salic Law counts his successor will become his cousin Prince Wilhelm Ernst.