- Friedrich Wilhelm got Mecklenburg-Schwerin with was formed from the Duchy of Mecklenburg, the Principality of Wenden, the Principality of Schwerin (ie the secularized bishopric of Schwerin), of the same county Schwerin and the rule Rostock. He became the ancestor of the Mecklenburg-Schwerin branch.
Adolf Friedrich got Mecklenburg-Strelitz which was formed from Principality of Ratzeburg on the Mecklenburg western boundary south-east of Lübeck, the rule of Stargard in southeast Mecklenburg with the cities of Neubrandenburg, Friedland, Woldegk, Strelitz, Stargard, Furstenberg and Wesenberg, and the commanderies Mirow and Nemerow.
Adolf Friedrich, who succeeded his father as Duke
Magdalene Amalie, died young
Marie, died young
Eleonore Wilhelmine, died young
Gustave Caroline, married to Duke Christian Ludwig II. zu Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Sophie Christine Louise, died Young
Karl, married to Princess Elisabeth Albertione of Saxe-Hildburghausen
- Adolf Friedrich, who succeeded his uncle, Duke Adolf Friedrich III. as Duke
- Karl, who succeeded his borther, Duke Adolf Friedrich IV. as Duke
- Charlotte, married to King George III. of Great Britain, King of Hannover etc.
- Georg, imperial General Mayor in Hungary
accompanied by considerable turbulence , which fit in the bitter struggle between the state government and the united country stands for positions of power in the Mecklenburg State . In Mecklenburg-Strelitz , the country stands tried to win the future heir to the throne as a guarantor of their cause. As 1752 unexpectedly to the throne case had occurred, the situation escalated when troops of the Duke of Schwerin occupied part of the Strelitzer Country and so sought to impose its political independence after disengagement from the Mecklenburg total state. The output of the succession dispute led to the further strengthening of the estates . The heir to the throne itself had been taken in that weeks abroad to Greifswald in Pommern, in safety , where he soon however became honor Rector of the University of Greifswald. On 17.01.1753 declared of age, Duke Adolf Friedrich IV. took over on 04.04. 1753 the regency. He and his mother in her capacity as guardian of his younger siblings ratified in 1755 the country’s basic statutory hereditary settlement, with which was given a new the State of Mecklenburg a new Constitution. This led to the consolidation of power of the Mecklenburg knighthood , preserving the backwardness of the country until the end of the monarchy in 1918. Duke Adolf Friedrich IV is described by witnesses as more economical, particularly receptive to the latest findings of the newly emerging science prince, but sometimes prone to fits of temper . In his subjects , he was said to be popular. He was baulustig and prompted messy construction, conversion , however, significantly exceeded initial and extensions such as the mansion in Ratzeburg or Playhouse and City Palace in Neubrandenburg, which shaped the face of he governed part of the country sustained its financial margins. Therefore, had already in his lifetime an imperial commission to be used for debt Settlement. Duke Adolf Friedrich IV. did not fit into the traditional image of a late Baroque Prince . He remained unmarried and lived with his older sister, Christiane in temperate pietistic piety with rather modest royal court and for great love of nature. When he on the 02.06.1794 died childless , his younger brother Karl II. became his successor. Duke Karl II. took swift administrative reforms in his country’s part in attack. He reduced the number of administrative districts, promoted agriculture, provided a police department in 1812 founded a Medizinaloffice and introduced compulsory education. 1806 joined his country at the Confederation of the Rhine.
- Charlotte, married to Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Hildburghausen, since 1826 Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
- Karoline, died young
- Georg, died young
- Therese, married to Fürst Karl Alexander of Thurn and Taxis
- Friedrich, died young
- Luise, married to King Friedrich Wilhelm III. of Prussia
- Friederike, married first to Prince Ludwig of Pruissia, after his death she married Prince Freidrich zu Solms-Braunfels. In 1815 she married a third time to Prince Ernst August of Great Britain, Duke of Cumberland who in 1837 became King of Hannover
- Georg, who succeeded his father as Grand Duke
- Friedrich, died young
- Augusta Albertina, died young
from the second marriage:
Grand Duke Karl II. died on 06.11.1816 and his oldest surviving son Georg succeeded him as Grand Duke. In the reign of Grand Duke Georg fell among others, the improvement of the people’s education, the abolition of serfdom and the structural renovation of the residence Neustrelitz by the construction of the castle church, the redesign of the Orangerie and the construction of several public buildings like the townhall in the neo-classical or neo-gothic style (Karolinen Palais). In addition, Georg were restored a number of historic monuments , such as the Marienchurch in Neubrandenburg, and so save them from the final decay. As an esthete Georg corresponded with celebrities of the literary and art world of his time, for example Goethe. Politically he pursued as a young man advanced, but later increasingly reactionary ends . He was a staunch opponent of the revolution in Mecklenburg , prevented the transition from Mecklenburg to a modern constitutional state and applied by the Freienwalder arbitration initiated in the country Schwerin partial reforms to case. This was largely due to the fact that he feared for the independence of his small Grand Duchy. The relapse and persistence of both Mecklenburg parts of the country at the level of a late-feudal corporate state in the following decades go largely back to the policies of George. George was regarded in the popuilation of his Grand Duchy, as he was characterized by a policy of real help and charity . This shows the following example: When the Altstrelitzer pastor in 1855 for permission asked to be allowed to purchase a bell for the small Trebbower village school in order to ensure an orderly morning start of school children, let George answer the Trebbower should collect money to which the to pay bell itself , but you may inform him before it was ready. After some time money was gathered for a fairly small bell , a quote from a bell construction company from the Pomeranian Demmin was also present . The pastor asked for permission to enter the order . The answer of the Grand Duke Georg came immediately and was something like: The bell must be commissioned , but they should be made at least twice . The lack of cost plus he ‘ll wear as Grand Duke . Thus, a larger bell was purchased, which now heralded the start of classes. When George died in 1860 , his death was widely mourned.
Grand Duke Georg married on 12.08.1817 Princess Marie of Hesse, a daughter of Landgrave Friedrich. They had four children:
- Friedrich Wilhel, who succeeded his father as Grand Duke
- Caroline, married from 1841-1846 to Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark, who later became King Frederik VII.
- Georg, married to Grand Duchess Catharina Mihailovna of Russia.
- Nikolaus, died young
- Helene, married to Prince Albert of Saxe-Altenburg
- Georg Alexander, he made a morgantaic marriage to Natalie Vanljarskaja who was created Countess of Carlow.
- Catharina, Countess of Carlow, married to Prince Vladimir Galitzine
- Maria, Countess of Carlow, married first to Prince Boris Galitzine, second she married Count Vladimir Kleinmichel
- Natalia, Coutness of Carlow
- Georg, he was adopted by his ucle, Duke Karl Michael and succeeded him as head of the Grand Ducal House.
- Karl Michael, he succeeded Grand Duke Adolf Friedrich VI. as Head of the Grand Ducal House.
After the death of Grand Duke Georg on 06.09.1860 his oldest son Friedrich Wilhelm took ober the government business in Mecklenburg-Strelitz. His reign was marked by borders on avarice economy in all public expenditures. Necessary investments in the economy, infrastructure and education remained largely under . In modern developments stagnated or stopped reluctant feeder. Although this policy could achieve that through generations accumulated debts of the royal house were removed . However, the country became one of the most backward German territories , in which Chancellor Otto von Bismarck wanted to escape in the event of the apocalypse , because here the world of his opinion would go down later after fifty years. Although Friedrich Wilhelm was the largest landowner in his territory, but remained involved in the solidified and had long since become an impediment of a feudal system landständischen Constitution of the Mecklenburg State in which the two sovereigns had limited room for maneuver . During his reign, both parts of the country of Mecklenburg became membetrs of the German Federation and in 1871 and members of the German Empire. In the imperial proclamation in Versailles on 18.01.1871 he was represented by his son Adolf Friedrich. The hostile attitude of Prussia Friedrich Wilhelm led to considerable political tensions and differences with the young Empire . At times it was considered omimperial level his deposition as Regent of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. By undue thrift and financial speculation grew during his reign of the so -called “blind Hausschatz” hungered together from the country and his subjects. On the occasion of the Diamond Wedding Anniversary of the Grand Ducal Couple in 1903 every citizen of the Grand Duchy 25 penny of public funds was paid. His son and successor Friedrich Wilhelm left a fortune , which made this one of the richest German princes. Grand Duke Friedrich Wilhelm married on 28.06.1843 Princess Augusta of Great Britain, a daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge and a cousin of the british Queen Victoria. They had 2 children together
- Friedrich Wilhelm, died young
- Adolf Friedrich, succeeded his father as Grand Duke
On 18.04.1877 he married Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt, a daughter of Duke Friedrich I. They had four children
- Marie, married from 1899-1908 to Count Georg Jametel. Later she married Prince Julius Ernst zur Lippe
- Jutta, orthodox Militza, married to Crown Prince Danilo of Montenegro, later King in exile
- Adolf Friedrfich, who succeeded his fater as Grand Duke
- Karl Borwin, he died at the age of 20 in a Duell
After the death of Grand Duke Adolf Friedrich VI. on 11.06.1914 his older son who had alrrady taken over the gobverment four days earleir on 07.06. became Grand Duke Adolf Friedrich VI.
During the period of National Socialism ,his Family was followed because of belonging to the international aristocracy, her Russian ancestors and “political Catholicism”. In 1940 the Castle Remplin burnt down, presumably by arson of the Nazis. In 1944 Duke Georg 1944was incarcerated in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in solitary confinement. In the immediate postwar period he lived in Sigmaringen and was regarded as a mentor monarchist aspirations in South West Germany . After a family internal appointment he resigned on 18.12.1950 on the up to then run as a suffix name “Count of Carlow “. and adopted the style of Highness whioch was confirmed by the hereditary Grand Duke Friedrich Franz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin In 1953, he tried to get a position in the Foreign Service . In 1956 there was the idea to make him the German representatives in the Committee of the International Tracing Service in Arolsen. The proposal was withdrawn
- Georg Alexander, succeeded his father as head of the Grand Ducal House
- Alexander, Count of Carlow, died as child
- Helene, married to Hassan Sayed Kamil
- Carl Gregor, married to Princess Maria Margarethe of Hohenzollern
Duke Georg died on 06.07.1963 in Sigmaringen.Hi successor as head of the Grand Ducal House became his oldest son Georg Alexander. Until 1940 he had lived at Castle Remplin at Malchin. On the night of 11.04.1940 he was sacked at the instance the Gauleiter of Mecklenburg-Lübeck . In 1944 he was interned after the imprisonment of his father in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp by the Gestapo on a stauffenbergian astle. After 1945 he was regarded as a persecuted by the Nazi regime . He studied law and graduated as a bank clerk . A sensationwas caused in the application of Duke Georg Alexander on retransmission of lduring the Nazi dictatorship lost areas in Mecklenburg to his family in 1990. The procedure was considered one of the most difficult re-transfer process in the merging process was completed and finally until ten years after his death in early 2006 in the sense of family and in consultation with stakeholders. Georg Alexander had refused to complain to accelerate the process or put pressure on the institutions. In the summer of 1991 he had moved at the invitation of Mirow town council again his residence to Mecklenburg and focused particularly on the history and preservation . For example, the restoration of the memorial complex is on the Castle Island offshore island of love on his initiative and guidance. Duke Georg Alexander married 1946 in Sigmaringen Archduchess Ilona of Austria, from the hungarin bracn of the House Habsburg. The marriage was divorced in 1974. They had four children:
- Elisabeth Chrstine, married 1974-1995 to Count Allhard von dem Bussche-Ippenburg, gen. von Kessel
- Maria Katharina, married to Wolfgang von Wasielewski
- Irene, marred to Konstantin Harmsen
- Borwin, succeeded his father as Head of the Grand Ducal House
|TH Duke Borwin and Duchess Alice|